# Optimization

## References

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimization_(mathematics)
• In mathematics, the simplest case of optimization, or mathematical programming, refers to the study of problems in which one seeks to minimize or maximize a real function by systematically choosing the values of real or integer variables from within an allowed set. This (a scalar real valued objective function) is actually a small subset of this field which comprises a large area of applied mathematics and generalizes to study of means to obtain "best available" values of some objective function given a defined domain where the elaboration is on the types of functions and the conditions and nature of the objects in the problem domain.
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimization_(computer_science)
• In computing, optimization is the process of modifying a system to make some aspect of it work more efficiently or use fewer resources. For instance, a computer program may be optimized so that it executes more rapidly, or is capable of operating with less memory storage or other resources, or draw less power. The system may be a single computer program, a collection of computers or even an entire network such as the Internet. See also algorithmic efficiency for further discussion on factors relating to improving the efficiency of an algorithm.
• (Wikipedia, 2009) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search_engine_optimization
• Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the volume or quality of traffic to a web site from search engines via "natural" ("organic" or "algorithmic") search results. Typically, the earlier a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, and industry-specific vertical search engines.
• (Wikipedia, 2009) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Process_optimization
• Process optimization is the discipline of adjusting a process so as to optimize some specified set of parameters without violating some constraint. The most common goals are minimizing cost, maximizing throughput, and/or efficiency. This is one of the major quantitative tools in industrial decision making.
• In chemical engineering terms, a process is typically a set of equipment arranged, controlled, and operated in a particular way, to produce a product. The product must meet certain specifications, such as a certain production rate, product quality, and cost. Typically, specifications are supplied as a range of values, such as "Must be between 84% and 87% octane", or "must cost less than \$250 per ton."