Difference between revisions of "Romania"

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=== 2018 ===
 
=== 2018 ===
 
* (Wikipedia, 2018) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania Retrieved:2018-7-6.
 
* (Wikipedia, 2018) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania Retrieved:2018-7-6.
** '''Romania''' () is a [[sovereign state]] located at the crossroads of [[Central Europe|Central]], [[Eastern Europe|Eastern]], and [[Southeast Europe|Southeastern Europe]]. It borders the [[Black Sea]] to south-east, [[Bulgaria]] to the south, [[Ukraine]] to the north, [[Hungary]] to the west, [[Serbia]] to south-west, and [[Moldova]] to the east. It has a predominantly [[temperate climate|temperate]]-[[continental climate]] with some [[Oceanic climate|Oceanic]], [[Mediterranean climate|Mediterranean]], and even [[Scandinavia|Scaninavian]]-[[Baltic Sea|Baltic]] seasonal influences. With a total area of , Romania is the [[List of European countries by area|twelfth-largest country]] in Europe. <P> With almost 20 million inhabitants, the country is also the [[List of European Union member states by population|seventh most populous]] member state of the [[European Union]] and the [[List of European countries by population|tenth overall European one]]. Its capital and largest city, [[Bucharest]], is the [[List of largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits|sixth-largest city]] in the [[European Union|EU]] and the [[List of European cities by population within city limits|tenth-largest]] on the [[Europe|European continent]], with 2,106,144 inhabitants as of 2016;<ref name="INSSER2016"></ref> other major [[Metropolitan areas in Romania|urban areas]] include [[Iași]], [[Timișoara]], [[Cluj-Napoca]], [[Constanța]], [[Craiova]], and [[Galați]]. <P> The [[Danube|River Danube]], Europe's second-longest river, rises in [[Germany]]'s [[Black Forest]] and flows in a general southeast direction for , coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's [[Danube Delta]]. The [[Carpathian Mountains]], which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include [[Moldoveanu Peak]], at an altitude of .  Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a [[United Principalities|personal union]] of the Danubian Principalities of [[Moldavia]] and [[Wallachia]]. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the [[Ottoman Empire]] in 1877. At the end of [[World War I]], [[Transylvania]], [[Banat]], [[Bukovina]], and [[Bessarabia]] united with the sovereign [[Kingdom of Romania]]. During [[World War II]], Romania was an [[Axis powers|Axis power]] and, consequently, an ally of [[Nazi Germany]] against the [[Soviet Union]], fighting side by side with the [[Wehrmacht]] until 1944, when it joined the [[Allies of World War II|Allies]] and faced occupation by the [[Red Army]]'s forces. Throughout wartime Romania had lost several territories, of which only [[Northern Transylvania]] was regained after the war. Following the war, Romania became a [[Socialist Republic of Romania|socialist republic]] and member of the [[Warsaw Pact]]. After the [[Romanian Revolution|1989 Revolution]], Romania [[History of Romania since 1989|began a transition]] towards [[democracy]] and a capitalist [[market economy]]. In the 21st century, Romania is a [[middle power]] and has the world's [[List of countries by GDP (nominal)|47th largest economy by nominal GDP]], as well as the [[List of countries by GDP (PPP)|48th largest by PPP]], out of 191 countries measured by [[International Monetary Fund|IMF]], Romania ranks 50th in the [[Human Development Index]] and is a [[developing country]], with an annual economic growth rate of 7% (as of 2017), the highest in the EU at the time.  Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like [[Automobile Dacia]] and [[Petrom|OMV Petrom]]. It has been a member of [[NATO]] since 2004, and part of the [[European Union]] since 2007. An overwhelming majority of the population identifies themselves as [[Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox Christians]] and are native speakers of [[Romanian language|Romanian]], a [[Romance languages|Romance language]]. The cultural history of Romania includes influential [[Art of Romania|artists]], [[Music of Romania|musicians]], [[Science and technology in Romania|inventors]], and [[Sport in Romania|sportspeople]].
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** '''Romania''' is a [[sovereign state]] located at the crossroads of [[Central Europe|Central]], [[Eastern Europe|Eastern]], and [[Southeast Europe|Southeastern Europe]]. It borders the [[Black Sea]] to south-east, [[Bulgaria]] to the south, [[Ukraine]] to the north, [[Hungary]] to the west, [[Serbia]] to south-west, and [[Moldova]] to the east. It has a predominantly [[temperate climate|temperate]]-[[continental climate]] with some [[Oceanic climate|Oceanic]], [[Mediterranean climate|Mediterranean]], and even [[Scandinavia|Scaninavian]]-[[Baltic Sea|Baltic]] seasonal influences. With a total area of , Romania is the [[List of European countries by area|twelfth-largest country]] in Europe. <P> With almost 20 million inhabitants, the country is also the [[List of European Union member states by population|seventh most populous]] member state of the [[European Union]] and the [[List of European countries by population|tenth overall European one]]. Its capital and largest city, [[Bucharest]], is the [[List of largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits|sixth-largest city]] in the [[European Union|EU]] and the [[List of European cities by population within city limits|tenth-largest]] on the [[Europe|European continent]], with 2,106,144 inhabitants as of 2016;<ref name="INSSER2016"></ref> other major [[Metropolitan areas in Romania|urban areas]] include [[Iași]], [[Timișoara]], [[Cluj-Napoca]], [[Constanța]], [[Craiova]], and [[Galați]]. <P> The [[Danube|River Danube]], Europe's second-longest river, rises in [[Germany]]'s [[Black Forest]] and flows in a general southeast direction for , coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's [[Danube Delta]]. The [[Carpathian Mountains]], which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include [[Moldoveanu Peak]], at an altitude of .  Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a [[United Principalities|personal union]] of the Danubian Principalities of [[Moldavia]] and [[Wallachia]]. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the [[Ottoman Empire]] in 1877. At the end of [[World War I]], [[Transylvania]], [[Banat]], [[Bukovina]], and [[Bessarabia]] united with the sovereign [[Kingdom of Romania]]. During [[World War II]], Romania was an [[Axis powers|Axis power]] and, consequently, an ally of [[Nazi Germany]] against the [[Soviet Union]], fighting side by side with the [[Wehrmacht]] until 1944, when it joined the [[Allies of World War II|Allies]] and faced occupation by the [[Red Army]]'s forces. Throughout wartime Romania had lost several territories, of which only [[Northern Transylvania]] was regained after the war. Following the war, Romania became a [[Socialist Republic of Romania|socialist republic]] and member of the [[Warsaw Pact]]. After the [[Romanian Revolution|1989 Revolution]], Romania [[History of Romania since 1989|began a transition]] towards [[democracy]] and a capitalist [[market economy]]. In the 21st century, Romania is a [[middle power]] and has the world's [[List of countries by GDP (nominal)|47th largest economy by nominal GDP]], as well as the [[List of countries by GDP (PPP)|48th largest by PPP]], out of 191 countries measured by [[International Monetary Fund|IMF]], Romania ranks 50th in the [[Human Development Index]] and is a [[developing country]], with an annual economic growth rate of 7% (as of 2017), the highest in the EU at the time.  Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like [[Automobile Dacia]] and [[Petrom|OMV Petrom]]. It has been a member of [[NATO]] since 2004, and part of the [[European Union]] since 2007. An overwhelming majority of the population identifies themselves as [[Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox Christians]] and are native speakers of [[Romanian language|Romanian]], a [[Romance languages|Romance language]]. The cultural history of Romania includes influential [[Art of Romania|artists]], [[Music of Romania|musicians]], [[Science and technology in Romania|inventors]], and [[Sport in Romania|sportspeople]].
 
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Revision as of 04:48, 14 June 2019

A Romania is a Sovereign State that ...



References

2018

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