Difference between revisions of "U.S. Poor Population"

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A [[U.S. Poor Population]] is a [[poor person population]] that is a [[U.S. demographic]] (of [[U.S. poor person]]s).
#REDIRECT [[USA Poor Person Population]]
* <B>AKA:</B> [[Poverty in The United States]].
* <B>Example(s):</B>
** [[U.S. Poor Population in 2014]].
** <HTML><A HREF=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Number_in_Poverty_and_Poverty_Rate_1959_to_2011._United_States..PNG><IMG SRC=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Number_in_Poverty_and_Poverty_Rate_1959_to_2011._United_States..PNG HEIGHT=300></A></HTML>
* <B>Counter-Example(s):</B>
** [[Canadian Poor Population]], [[German Poor Population]], [[Chinese Poor Population]].
** [[U.S. Wealthy Population]]
* <B>See:</B> [[U.S. Middle-Class]], [[Homelessness in The United States]], [[National Coalition For The Homeless]], [[Poverty Thresholds (United States Census Bureau)]].
== References ==
* http://www.povertyusa.org/the-state-of-poverty/poverty-facts/
=== 2016 ===
* (Wikipedia, 2016) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty_in_the_United_States Retrieved:2016-6-13.
** '''Poverty''' is a state of deprivation, or a lack of the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions. <ref> Zweig, Michael (2004) ''What's Class Got to do With It, American Society in the Twenty-first Century. ILR Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-8899-3 </ref> The most common measure of poverty in the U.S. is the “[[Poverty thresholds (United States Census Bureau)|poverty threshold]]&rdquo; set by the [[Federal government of the United States|U.S. government]]. This measure recognizes poverty as a lack of those goods and services commonly taken for granted by members of mainstream society.<ref name="Schwartz">Schwartz, J. E. ([[2005]]). ''Freedom reclaimed: Rediscovering the American vision''. Baltimore: G-University Press. </ref> The official threshold is adjusted for [[inflation]] using the [[consumer price index]]. Most Americans will spend at least one year below the poverty line at some point between ages 25 and 75.<ref name="Hacker">Hacker, J. S. ([[2006]]). ''The great risk shift: The new insecurity and the decline of the American dream''. New York: Oxford University Press (USA). </ref> Poverty rates are persistently higher in rural and inner city parts of the country as compared to suburban areas.  <ref> [http://newswise.com/articles/view/543788/ Child Poverty High in Rural America] Newswise, Retrieved on August 26, 2008. </ref> In 2009, 13.2% (39.8 million) Americans lived in poverty.<ref name="2009 Poverty Rate Reuters">[http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE68F4K520100917 "Poverty rate hits 15-year high"] ''Reuters.'' September 17, 2010 </ref> Starting in the 1930s, [[relative poverty]] rates have consistently exceeded those of other wealthy nations.  [[California]] has a poverty rate of 23.8%, the highest of any state in the country.<ref name="research 2012">[http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-247.pdf/ "The Research Supplemental Poverty Measure "] United States Census Bureau November 2013 </ref> This is updated from the November 2012 estimate of 23.6.  In 2009 the number of people who were in poverty was approaching 1960s levels that led to the national [[War on Poverty]].  In 2011 [[extreme poverty]] in the United States, meaning households living on less than $2 per day before government benefits, was double 1996 levels at 1.5 million households, including 2.8 million children. <ref> [http://npc.umich.edu/publications/policy_briefs/brief28/policybrief28.pdf "Extreme Poverty in the United States, 1996 to 2011"] ''National Poverty Center'', February 2012 </ref> In 2012 the percentage of seniors living in poverty was 14% while 18% of children were.<ref name="research 2012"/> The addition of Social Security benefits contributed more to reduce poverty than any other factor.<ref name="washintonpost">[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/govbeat/wp/2013/11/08/poverty-in-13-states-is-worse-than-we-thought/?tid=article_nextstory Povery in 13 states is worse than we thought] Washington Post November 8, 2013 </ref> Recent census data shows that half the population qualifies as poor or low income, <ref> [http://www.cbsnews.com/news/census-data-half-of-us-poor-or-low-income/ Census data: Half of U.S. poor or low income]. ''[[CBS News]],'' 15 December 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2014. </ref> with one in five [[Millennials]] living in poverty. <ref> Jana Kasperkevic (26 December 2014). [http://www.theguardian.com/money/us-money-blog/2014/dec/26/us-census-bureau-report-one-in-five-millennials-poverty One in five millennials lives in poverty, report finds]. ''[[The Guardian]].'' Retrieved 26 December 2014. </ref> Academic contributors to ''The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States'' postulate that new and extreme forms of poverty have emerged in the U.S. as a result of [[neoliberal]] structural adjustment policies and [[globalization]], which have rendered economically marginalized communities as destitute "surplus populations" in need of control and punishment. <ref> Stephen Haymes, Maria Vidal de Haymes and Reuben Miller (eds), ''[http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415673440/ The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States],'' (London: Routledge, 2015), ISBN 0415673445, [https://books.google.com/books?id=qnHfBQAAQBAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=PA2#v=onepage&q&f=false pp. 2 & 3]. </ref> In 2011, [[child poverty]] reached record high levels, with [[Hunger in the United States#Children|16.7 million children living in food insecure households]], about 35% more than 2007 levels.<ref name=WalkerBBC/> A 2013 [[UNICEF]] report ranked the U.S. as having the second highest relative child poverty rates in the developed world. <ref> Fisher, Max (15 April 2013). [http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2013/04/15/map-how-35-countries-compare-on-child-poverty-the-u-s-is-ranked-34th/ Map: How 35 countries compare on child poverty (the U.S. is ranked 34th)]. ''[[The Washington Post]].'' Retrieved 16 February 2014. See also: [http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/rc11_eng.pdf Child well-being in rich countries: A comparative overview]. ''[[UNICEF]] office of Research.'' p. 7. </ref> There were about 643,000 sheltered and unsheltered [[Homelessness in the United States|homeless people nationwide]] in January 2009. Almost two-thirds stayed in an emergency shelter or transitional housing program and the other third were living on the street, in an abandoned building, or another place not meant for human habitation. About 1.56 million people, or about 0.5% of the U.S. population, used an emergency shelter or a transitional housing program between October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009. <ref> [http://www.huduser.org/publications/pdf/5thHomelessAssessmentReport.pdf HUD 5th Annual Homelessness Assessment Report to Congress, June 2010] </ref> Around 44% of homeless people are employed. <ref> [http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/employment.html Employment and Homelessness]. ''[[National Coalition for the Homeless]],'' July 2009. </ref>

Latest revision as of 04:17, 4 December 2019