Difference between revisions of "USA Poor Person Population"

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Latest revision as of 04:17, 4 December 2019

A USA Poor Person Population is a poor person population that is a U.S. demographic (of U.S. poor persons).



References

2016

  • (Wikipedia, 2016) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty_in_the_United_States Retrieved:2016-6-13.
    • Poverty is a state of deprivation, or a lack of the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions. [1] The most common measure of poverty in the U.S. is the “poverty threshold” set by the U.S. government. This measure recognizes poverty as a lack of those goods and services commonly taken for granted by members of mainstream society.[2] The official threshold is adjusted for inflation using the consumer price index. Most Americans will spend at least one year below the poverty line at some point between ages 25 and 75.[3] Poverty rates are persistently higher in rural and inner city parts of the country as compared to suburban areas. [4] In 2009, 13.2% (39.8 million) Americans lived in poverty.[5] Starting in the 1930s, relative poverty rates have consistently exceeded those of other wealthy nations. California has a poverty rate of 23.8%, the highest of any state in the country.[6] This is updated from the November 2012 estimate of 23.6. In 2009 the number of people who were in poverty was approaching 1960s levels that led to the national War on Poverty. In 2011 extreme poverty in the United States, meaning households living on less than $2 per day before government benefits, was double 1996 levels at 1.5 million households, including 2.8 million children. [7] In 2012 the percentage of seniors living in poverty was 14% while 18% of children were.[6] The addition of Social Security benefits contributed more to reduce poverty than any other factor.[8] Recent census data shows that half the population qualifies as poor or low income, [9] with one in five Millennials living in poverty. [10] Academic contributors to The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States postulate that new and extreme forms of poverty have emerged in the U.S. as a result of neoliberal structural adjustment policies and globalization, which have rendered economically marginalized communities as destitute "surplus populations" in need of control and punishment. [11] In 2011, child poverty reached record high levels, with 16.7 million children living in food insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels.[12] A 2013 UNICEF report ranked the U.S. as having the second highest relative child poverty rates in the developed world. [13] There were about 643,000 sheltered and unsheltered homeless people nationwide in January 2009. Almost two-thirds stayed in an emergency shelter or transitional housing program and the other third were living on the street, in an abandoned building, or another place not meant for human habitation. About 1.56 million people, or about 0.5% of the U.S. population, used an emergency shelter or a transitional housing program between October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009. [14] Around 44% of homeless people are employed. [15]
  1. Zweig, Michael (2004) What's Class Got to do With It, American Society in the Twenty-first Century. ILR Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-8899-3
  2. Schwartz, J. E. (2005). Freedom reclaimed: Rediscovering the American vision. Baltimore: G-University Press.
  3. Hacker, J. S. (2006). The great risk shift: The new insecurity and the decline of the American dream. New York: Oxford University Press (USA).
  4. Child Poverty High in Rural America Newswise, Retrieved on August 26, 2008.
  5. "Poverty rate hits 15-year high" Reuters. September 17, 2010
  6. 6.0 6.1 "The Research Supplemental Poverty Measure " United States Census Bureau November 2013
  7. "Extreme Poverty in the United States, 1996 to 2011" National Poverty Center, February 2012
  8. Povery in 13 states is worse than we thought Washington Post November 8, 2013
  9. Census data: Half of U.S. poor or low income. CBS News, 15 December 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  10. Jana Kasperkevic (26 December 2014). One in five millennials lives in poverty, report finds. The Guardian. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  11. Stephen Haymes, Maria Vidal de Haymes and Reuben Miller (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States, (London: Routledge, 2015), ISBN 0415673445, pp. 2 & 3.
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named WalkerBBC
  13. Fisher, Max (15 April 2013). Map: How 35 countries compare on child poverty (the U.S. is ranked 34th). The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 February 2014. See also: Child well-being in rich countries: A comparative overview. UNICEF office of Research. p. 7.
  14. HUD 5th Annual Homelessness Assessment Report to Congress, June 2010
  15. Employment and Homelessness. National Coalition for the Homeless, July 2009.