# Claude E. Shannon (1916-2001)

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Claude E. Shannon (1916-2001) was a person.

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**Counter-Example(s):****See:**Statistician, Mathematician, Electronic Engineer, Cryptographer, Information Theory, Digital Computer, Digital Circuit, Boolean Algebra (Logic).

## References

### 2014

- (Wikipedia, 2014) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Shannon Retrieved:2014-9-20.
**Claude Elwood Shannon**(April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory”.^{[1]}Shannon is famous for having founded information theory with a landmark paper that he published in 1948. However, he is also credited with founding both digital computer and digital circuit design theory in 1937, when, as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of boolean algebra could construct and resolve any logical, numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his basic work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.

### 2014

- (Wikipedia, 2014) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generative_model
- … Shannon (1948) gives an example in which a table of frequencies of English word pairs is used to generate a sentence beginning with "representing and speedily is an good"; which is not proper English but which will increasingly approximate it as the table is moved from word pairs to word triplets etc.

### 1951

- (Shannon, 1951) ⇒ Claude E. Shannon. (1951). “Prediction and Entropy of Printed English." Bell System Technical Journal, 30(1).

### 1949

- (Shannon, 1949) ⇒ Claude E. Shannon. (1949). “Communication in the Presence of Noise.” In: Proceedings of the IRE 37.
- (Shannon & Weaver, 1949) ⇒ Claude E. Shannon and Warren Weaver. (1949). “The Mathematical Theory of Communication." The University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-72548-4

### 1948

- (Shannon, 1948) ⇒ Claude E. Shannon. (1948). “A Mathematical Theory of Communication, Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 623–656, . [1]