Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913)
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Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) was a person.
- See: Structuralism, Linguistic Sign.
- (Wikipedia, 2018) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_de_Saussure Retrieved:2018-3-6.
- Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist and semiotician. His ideas laid a foundation for many significant developments in both linguistics and semiology in the 20th century.   He is widely considered one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics     and one of two major founders (together with Charles Sanders Peirce) of semiotics/semiology.  One of his translators, Roy Harris, summarized Saussure's contribution to linguistics and the study of "the whole range of human sciences. It is particularly marked in linguistics, philosophy, psychology, sociology and anthropology."  Although they have undergone extension and critique over time, the dimensions of organization introduced by Saussure continue to inform contemporary approaches to the phenomenon of language. Prague school linguist Jan Mukařovský writes that Saussure's "discovery of the internal structure of the linguistic sign differentiated the sign both from mere acoustic 'things'... and from mental processes", and that in this development "new roads were thereby opened not only for linguistics, but also, in the future, for the theory of literature".  Ruqaiya Hasan argues that "the impact of Saussure’s theory of the linguistic sign has been such that modern linguists and their theories have since been positioned by reference to him: they are known as pre-Saussurean, Saussurean, anti-Saussurean, post-Saussurean, or non-Saussure".
- ↑ Robins, R. H. 1979. A Short History of Linguistics, 2nd Edition. Longman Linguistics Library. London and New York. p. 201: Robins writes Saussure's statement of "the structural approach to language underlies virtually the whole of modern linguistics".
- ↑ Harris, R. and T. J. Taylor. 1989. Landmarks in Linguistic Thought: The Western Tradition from Socrates to Saussure. 2nd Edition. Chapter 16.
- ↑ Justin Wintle, Makers of modern culture, Routledge, 2002, p. 467.
- ↑ David Lodge, Nigel Wood, Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader, Pearson Education, 2008, p. 42.
- ↑ Thomas, Margaret. 2011. Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics. Routledge: London and New York. p. 145 ff.
- ↑ Chapman, S. and C. Routledge. 2005. Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language. Edinburgh University Press. p.241 ff.
- ↑ Winfried Nöth, Handbook of Semiotics, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1990.
- ↑ Harris, R. 1988. Language, Saussure and Wittgenstein. Routledge. pix.
- ↑ Mukarovsky, J. 1977. On Poetic Language. The Word and Verbal Art: Selected Essays by Jan Mukarovsky. Translated and edited by J. Burbank and Peter Steiner. p. 18.
- ↑ Linguistic sign and the science of linguistics: the foundations of appliability. In Fang Yan & Jonathan Webster (eds.)Developing Systemic Functional Linguistics. Equinox 2013
- (Saussure, 1916) ⇒ Ferdinand de Saussure. (1916). “Cours de Linguistique Générale (Course in General Linguistics).” Open Court Publishing. ISBN:081269023