Scientific Skeptical Position

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A Scientific Skeptical Position is an belief position that ...



  • (Wikipedia, 2017) ⇒ Retrieved:2017-2-27.
    • The skeptical movement (also spelled sceptical) is a modern social movement promoting the idea of scientific skepticism (also called rational skepticism). Scientific skepticism is the application of skeptical philosophy, critical thinking skills, and knowledge of science and its methods to empirical claims, while remaining agnostic or neutral to non-empirical claims (except those that directly impact the practice of science). [1] The movement has the goal of investigating claims made on fringe topics and determining if they are supported by empirical research and are reproducible, as part of a methodological norm pursuing "the extension of certified knowledge". [2] The process followed is sometimes referred to as skeptical inquiry. Roots of the movement can be found in the 19th century when questions began to be publicly raised regarding the unquestioned acceptance of claims of spiritism, various widely held superstitions, and pseudoscience. [3] [4] Medical quackery was also targeted by publications such as the Dutch Vereniging tegen de Kwakzalverij (1881).

      The Belgian Comité Para (1949) has been deemed the oldest "broad mandate" skeptical organization. Using that organization as a template, in 1976, Paul Kurtz and Marcello Truzzi founded the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry in Amherst, New York. The North American skeptical organization, which provides journals and publications, inspired similar associations worldwide.

  2.  : quoting Merton, R. K. (1942)
  3. Asbjørn Dyrendal: "Oh no it isn't!" Skeptics and the Rhetorical Use of Science in Religion. in Olav Hammer & James R. Lewis (red.) Handbook of Religion and the Authority of Science. pp.879-900. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers 2010, Dyrendal refers to spiritualists as early targets of skeptics based on Hammer 2007
  4. Loxton, 2013, p.10ff


  • (Sagan, 1997) ⇒ Carl Sagan. (1997). “The Demon-haunted World: Science As a Candle in the Dark.” Random House Digital, Inc..