(Redirected from neuroscience)
- AKA: Neurobiology.
- See: Neurochemistry, Society For Neuroscience, Molecular Biology, Physiology, Neuron, Biological Neural Network.
- (Wikipedia, 2018) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroscience Retrieved:2018-1-5.
- Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology, that deals with the anatomy, biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology of neurons and neural circuits. It also draws upon other fields, with the most obvious being pharmacology, psychology, and medicine. The scope of neuroscience has broadened over time to include different approaches used to study the molecular, cellular, developmental, structural, functional, evolutionary, computational, psychosocial and medical aspects of the nervous system. Neuroscience has also given rise to such other disciplines as neuroeducation,  neuroethics, and neurolaw. The techniques used by neuroscientists have also expanded enormously, from molecular and cellular studies of individual neurons to imaging of sensory and motor tasks in the brain. Recent theoretical advances in neuroscience have also been aided by the study of neural networks. As a result of the increasing number of scientists who study the nervous system, several prominent neuroscience organizations have been formed to provide a forum to all neuroscientists and educators. For example, the International Brain Research Organization was founded in 1960, the International Society for Neurochemistry in 1963,  the European Brain and Behaviour Society in 1968, and the Society for Neuroscience in 1969.