# Bit Array

A Bit Array is an array whose elements are binary digits.

## References

### 2013

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bit_array
• A bit array (also known as bitmap, bitset, bit string, or bit vector) is an array data structure that compactly stores bits. It can be used to implement a simple set data structure. A bit array is effective at exploiting bit-level parallelism in hardware to perform operations quickly. A typical bit array stores kw bits, where w is the number of bits in the unit of storage, such as a byte or word, and k is some nonnegative integer. If w does not divide the number of bits to be stored, some space is wasted due to internal fragmentation.

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bit_array#Definition
• A bit array is a mapping from some domain (almost always a range of integers) to values in the set {0, 1}. The values can be interpreted as dark/light, absent/present, locked/unlocked, valid/invalid, et cetera. The point is that there are only two possible values, so they can be stored in one bit. The array can be viewed as a subset of the domain (e.g. {0, 1, 2, ..., n−1}), where a 1 bit indicates a number in the set and a 0 bit a number not in the set. This set data structure uses about n/w words of space, where w is the number of bits in each machine word. Whether the least significant bit or the most significant bit indicates the smallest-index number is largely irrelevant, but the former tends to be preferred.