(Redirected from Moral Theory)
- AKA: Ethical Theory.
- It can range from being an Formal Moral System to a Personal Moral System.
- It can take a position on Moral Acts, Moral Tests, Moral Sanction, Moral Thought, Moral Talk, and Moral Practice/Moral Procedures.
- It can support a Moral Argument.
- It can be studied by a Normative Ethics.
- It can range from being an Abstract Moral System to being a Moral Belief System.
- It can be a Task Input to a Moral Decisioning Task.
- See: Meta-Ethical Theory, Social Actions, Immorality, Amorality, Moral Epistemology, Applied Ethics, Moral Rule.
- (Damon & Colby, 2015) ⇒ William Damon, and Anne Colby. (2015). “The Power of Ideals: The Real Story of Moral Choice."
- (Wikipedia, 2014) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morality Retrieved:2014-6-22.
- Morality (from the Latin "manner, character, proper behavior") is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are "good" (or right) and those that are "bad" (or wrong).Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion, culture, etc., or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal. Morality may also be specifically synonymous with "goodness" or "rightness." Immorality is the active opposition to morality (i.e. opposition to that which is good or right), while amorality is variously defined as an unawareness of, indifference toward, or disbelief in any set of moral standards or principles.  Moral philosophy includes moral ontology, or the origin of morals, as well as moral epistemology, or what we know about morals. Different systems of expressing morality have been proposed, including deontological ethical systems which adhere to a set of established rules, and normative ethical systems which consider the merits of actions themselves. An example of normative ethical philosophy is the Golden Rule which states that, "One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself."
- "having no moral standards, restraints, or principles; unaware of or indifferent to questions of right or wrong"
- This dictionary of philosophy contains the following under the entry for "golden rule": "The maxim 'Treat others how you wish to be treated'. Various expressions of this fundamental moral rule are to be found in tenets of most religions and creeds through the ages, testifying to its universal applicability." Walter Terence Stace argued that the Golden Rule is much more than simply an ethical code. He posits that it "express [es] the essence of a universal morality." The rationale for this distinction occupies much of his book The Concept of Morals (1937).