Original Research

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See: Research, Academic Publication, Peer Review, Validation Research, Review Article, Book Review.



References

2009

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Original_research
    • Original research is research that is not exclusively based on a summary, review or synthesis of earlier publications on the subject of research. This material is of a primary source character. The purpose of the original research is to produce new knowledge, rather than to present the existing knowledge in a new form (e.g., summarized or classified). An original idea is an idea, which one person thought up wholly or partly independently of other people. Sometimes two or more people can come up with the same idea independently.
    • Original research can take a number of forms, depending on the discipline it pertains to. In experimental work, it typically involves direct or indirect observation of the researched subject, e.g., in the laboratory or in the field, documents the methodology, results, and conclusions of an experiment or set of experiments, or offers a novel interpretation of previous results. In analytical work, there are typically some new (for example) mathematical results produced, or a new way of approaching an existing problem. In some subjects which do not typically carry out experimentation or analysis of this kind, the originality is in the particular way existing understanding is changed or re-interpreted based on the outcome of the work of the researcher.
    • The degree of originality of the research is among major criteria for articles to be published in academic journals and usually established by means of peer review.