- See: Insurance Premium, Financial Institution, Financial Risk, Public Offering, Insurance, Insurance Technology.
- (Wikipedia, 2021) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwriting Retrieved:2021-4-19.
- Underwriting (UW) services are provided by some large financial institutions, such as banks, insurance companies and investment houses, whereby they guarantee payment in case of damage or financial loss and accept the financial risk for liability arising from such guarantee. An underwriting arrangement may be created in a number of situations including insurance, issues of security in a public offering, and bank lending, among others. The person or institution that agrees to sell a minimum number of securities of the company for commission is called the Underwriter. The name derives from the Lloyd's of London insurance market. Financial backers, who would accept some of the risk on a given venture (historically a sea voyage with associated risks of shipwreck) in exchange for a premium, would literally write their names under the risk information that was written on a Lloyd's slip created for this purpose. 
- "Underwriting: The Poetics of Insurance in America, 1722-1872" , by Eric Wertheimer, Stanford University Press, 2006