Empathy Ability

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An Empathy Ability is an agent ability to solve an empathy task (to recognize and simulate the emotional state of an emotional agent).



  • (Rodgin, 2018) ⇒ https://seths.blog/2018/04/the-words-that-work/
    • QUOTE: We're bad at empathy. As a result, when we're arguing a point with someone, we tend to use words and images that work on us, not necessarily that help the other person. So, if you want to understand how to persuade someone, listen to how they try to persuade you. For example, one partner in a conversation might use concepts like power and tradition and authority to make a case, while the other might rely on science, statistics or fairness. One person might argue with tons of emotional insight, while someone else might bring up studies and peer reviews. What they're actually doing is talking about things in the way they like to hear them.




  • (Hepper et al., 2014) ⇒ E. G. Hepper, C. M. Hart, and C. Sedikides. (2014). “Moving Narcissus: Can Narcissists Be Empathic?". In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(9). doi:10.1177/0146167214535812
    • ABSTRACT: Empathy plays a critical role in fostering and maintaining social relations. Narcissists lack empathy, and this may account for their interpersonal failures. But why do narcissists lack empathy? Are they incapable, or is change possible? Three studies addressed this question. Study 1 showed that the link between narcissism and low empathy generalizes to a specific target person presented in a vignette. The effect was driven by maladaptive narcissistic components (i.e., entitlement, exploitativeness, exhibitionism). Study 2 examined the effect of perspective-taking (vs. control) instructions on self-reported responses to a video. Study 3 examined the effect of the same manipulation on autonomic arousal (heart rate [HR]) during an audio-recording. Perspective-taking ameliorated negative links between maladaptive narcissism and both self-reported empathy and HR. That is, narcissists can be moved by another’s suffering, if they take that person’s perspective. The findings demonstrate that narcissists’ low empathy does not reflect inability, implying potential for intervention.