Momentum Measure

(Redirected from momentum)
Jump to: navigation, search

A Momentum is a physical measure [math]\vec{p}[/math] based on the multiplication of its mass [math]m[/math] and its velocity [math]\vec{v}[/math].

where [math][x][/math] symbolizes the conversion of the quantity [math]x[/math] to its units of measurement. Thus, the units of measurement for momentum in International System of Units this is kilograms meters per seconds, a.k.a Newton seconds (kg m/s).



  • (Wikipedia, 2016) ⇒ Retrieved:2016-4-29.
    • In classical mechanics, linear momentum or translational momentum (pl. momenta; SI unit kg m/s, or equivalently, newton second) is the product of the mass and velocity of an object. For example, a heavy truck moving rapidly has a large momentum — it takes a large or prolonged force to get the truck up to this speed, and it takes a large or prolonged force to bring it to a stop afterwards. If the truck were lighter, or moving more slowly, then it would have less momentum.

      Like velocity, linear momentum is a vector quantity, possessing a direction as well as a magnitude: : [math] \mathbf{p} = m \mathbf{v}, [/math] where p is the three-dimensional vector stating the object's momentum in the three directions of three-dimensional space, v is the three-dimensional velocity vector giving the object's rate of movement in each direction, and m is the object's mass.

      Linear momentum is also a conserved quantity, meaning that if a closed system is not affected by external forces, its total linear momentum cannot change.

      In classical mechanics, conservation of linear momentum is implied by Newton's laws. It also holds in special relativity (with a modified formula) and, with appropriate definitions, a (generalized) linear momentum conservation law holds in electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and general relativity. It is ultimately an expression of one of the fundamental symmetries of space and time, that of translational symmetry.


The basic definition of momentum applies even at relativistic velocities but then the mass is taken to be the relativistic mass.
The most common symbol for momentum is p. The SI unit for momentum is kg m/s.
You may insert numbers for any of the quantities. Then click on the text or symbol in the formula above for the quantity you wish to calculate. The numbers will not be forced to be consistent until you click on the desired quantity.


For a single particle of mass m with velocity [math]\vec{v}[/math], the momentum is defined as
From Newton's second law, a force [math]\vec{F}[/math] produces a change in momentum
Therefore, if [math]\vec{F}=0[/math], then
and [math]\vec{p}=constant[/math] so the particle has constant velocity.