Lexeme Derivation Rule

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A Lexeme Derivation Rule is a Morphological Rule or a Lexical Rule that can create/produce a Derived Lexeme from a Lexeme (or Morphological Root?) and Derivational Morphemes.





  • (Manning and Schütze, 1999) ⇒ Christopher D. Manning and Hinrich Schütze. (1999). "Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing" (PDF). The MIT Press. ISBN: 9780262133609, 0262133601 Chapter 3, pp 83
    • QUOTE: The major types of morphological processes are inflection, derivation, and compounding.
      • (...)
      • Derivation is less systematic. It usually results in a more radical change of syntactic category, and it often involves a change in meaning. An example is the derivation of the adverb widely from the adjective wide (by appending the suffix -ly). Widely in a phrase like it is widely believed means among a large well-dispersed group of people, a shift from the core meaning of wide (extending over a vast area). Adverb formation is also less systematic than plural inflection. Some adjectives like old or difficult don't have adverbs: oldly and difficultly are not words of English. Here are some other examples of derivations: the suffix -en transforms adjectives into verbs (weak-en, soft-en), the suffix -able transforms verbs into adjectives (understand-able, accept-able), and the suffix -er transforms verbs into nouns (teach-er, lead-er).


  • R.R.K. Hartmann, and F.C. Stork. (1972). “Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. Applied Science.