Médecins Sans Frontières NGO

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A Médecins Sans Frontières NGO is a humanitarian aid NGO.



References

2015

  • (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Médecins_Sans_Frontières Retrieved:2015-11-16.
    • ' (MSF) (pronounced ), or Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian-aid non-governmental organization (NGO) and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, best known for its projects in war-torn regions and developing countries facing endemic diseases. It was founded in France. [1] The organization is known in most of the world by its localized name or simply as MSF ; in Canada and the United States the name Doctors Without Borders is commonly used. In 2015 over 30,000, mostly local, doctors, nurses and other medical professionals, logistical experts, water and sanitation engineers and administrators provided medical aid in over 70 countries. These doctors and nurses decided to volunteer their time to solve issues of world health. Private donors provide about 80% of the organization's funding, while corporate donations provide the rest, giving MSF an annual budget of approximately US$610 million. was created in 1971, in the aftermath of the Biafra secession, by a small group of French doctors and journalists who believed that all people have the right to medical care regardless of race, religion, creed or political affiliation, and that the needs of these people outweigh respect for national borders. Core documents outlining MSF's principles are the Charter, [2] the Chantilly Principles, and the later La Mancha Agreement. [3] Governance is addressed in Section 2 of the Rules portion of this final document. MSF has an associative structure, where operational decisions are made, largely independently, by the five operational centres (Amsterdam, Barcelona-Athens, Brussels, Geneva and Paris). Common policies on core issues are coordinated by the International Council, in which each of the 24 sections (national offices) is represented. The International Council meets in Geneva, Switzerland, where the International Office, which coordinates international activities common to the operational centres, is also based. The organization actively provides health care and medical training to populations in about 70 countries and frequently insists on political responsibility in conflict zones such as Chechnya and Kosovo. Only once in its history, during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, has the organization called for military intervention. In order to be able to speak and act freely, MSF remains independent of any political, religious or economic powers. MSF has general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council. It received the 1999 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of its members' continued efforts to provide medical care in acute crises, as well as raising international awareness of potential humanitarian disasters. [4] James Orbinski, who was the president of the organization at the time, accepted the prize on behalf of MSF. Prior to this, MSF also received the 1996 Seoul Peace Prize. [5] Joanne Liu has served as the international president since 1 October 2013.

      MSF should not be confused with Médecins du Monde (Doctors of the World, in English). The latter organization was formed in part by members of the former organization, but it is an entirely independent non-governmental organization with no links to MSF today.

  1. About MSF." Médecins Sans Frontières. Retrieved on 31 August 2011. "MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES - Rue de Lausanne 78 - CP 116 - 1211 - Geneva 21"
  2. MSF Article MSF's Charter – ABOUT MSF – MSF UK MSF. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  3. MSF Article La Mancha Agreement MSF. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  4. MSF-USA: Special Report: The 10 Most Underreported Humanitarian Crises of 2005
  5. The Seoul Peace Prize Cultural Foundation