Prepositional Word

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A Prepositional Word is an adposition word that introduces a Prepositional Phrase.



References

2009

  • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒ http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=preposition
    • S: (n) preposition (a function word that combines with a noun or pronoun or noun phrase to form a prepositional phrase that can have an adverbial or adjectival relation to some other word)
    • S: (n) preposition ((linguistics) the placing of one linguistic element before another (as placing a modifier before the word it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix before the base to which it is attached))
  • http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/preposition
    • Noun
      • 1. (grammar): A closed class of non-inflecting words typically employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; — so called because it is usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running. Prepositions are a heterogeneous class of words in some languages, with fuzzy boundaries that tend to overlap with other categories (like adverbs, adjectives, and conjunctions).
      • 2. (obsolete) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse. He made a long preposition and oration — Fabyan.
  • (Wikipedia, 2009) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preposition
    • In grammar, a preposition is a part of speech that introduces a prepositional phrase. For example, in the sentence "The cat sleeps on the sofa", the word "on" is a preposition, introducing the prepositional phrase "on the sofa". In English, the most used prepositions are "of", "to", "in", "for", "with" and "on". Simply put, a preposition indicates a relation between things mentioned in a sentence.
    • Linguists sometimes distinguish between a preposition, which precedes its phrase, a postposition, which follows its phrase, and as a rare case a circumposition, which surrounds its phrase. Taken together, these three parts of speech are called adpositions. In more technical language, an adposition is an element that, prototypically, combines syntactically with a phrase and indicates how that phrase should be interpreted in the surrounding context. Some linguists use the word "preposition" instead of "adposition" for all three cases. [1]
    • In linguistics, adpositions are considered to be members of the syntactic category "P". "PPs",[2] consisting of an adpositional head and its complement phrase, are used for a wide range of syntactic and semantic functions, most commonly modification and complementation. The following examples illustrate some uses of English prepositional phrases:
      • as a modifier to a verb
        • sleep throughout the winter
        • danced atop the tables for hours
      • as a modifier to a noun
        • the weather in April
        • cheeses from France with live bacteria
      • as the complement of a verb
        • insist on staying home
        • dispose of unwanted items
      • as the complement of a noun
        • a thirst for revenge
        • an amendment to the constitution
      • as the complement of an adjective or adverb
        • attentive to their needs
        • separately from its neighbors
      • as the complement of another preposition
        • until after supper
        • from beineath the bed
    • Adpositions perform many of the same functions as case markings, but adpositions are syntactic elements, while case markings are morphological elements.