Existentialist Doctrine

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An Existentialist Doctrine is a philosophical doctrine that models the consequences of free human choice in a meaningless universe.



References

2013

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism
    • Existentialism is a term applied to the work of certain late 19th- and 20th-century philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,[1][2][3] shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject — not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual.[4] In existentialism, the individual's starting point is characterized by what has been called "the existential attitude", or a sense of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world.[5] Many existentialists have also regarded traditional systematic or academic philosophies, in both style and content, as too abstract and remote from concrete human experience.[6][7]

      Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher,[1][8][9] though he did not use the term existentialism. He proposed that each individual — not society or religion — is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely ("authentically").[10][11] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II, and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy, including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology.[12]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Template:Cite encyclopedia
  2. John Macquarrie, Existentialism, New York (1972), pp. 18–21.
  3. Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed. Ted Honderich, New York (1995), p. 259.
  4. John Macquarrie, Existentialism, New York (1972), pp. 14–15.
  5. Robert C. Solomon, Existentialism (McGraw-Hill, 1974, pp. 1–2).
  6. Ernst Breisach, Introduction to Modern Existentialism, New York (1962), p. 5.
  7. Walter Kaufmann, Existentialism: From Dostoyevesky to Sartre, New York (1956) p. 12.
  8. Marino, Gordon. Basic Writings of Existentialism (Modern Library, 2004, p. ix, 3).
  9. Template:Cite encyclopedia
  10. Watts, Michael. Kierkegaard (Oneworld, 2003, pp.4-6).
  11. Lowrie, Walter. Kierkegaard's attack upon "Christendom" (Princeton, 1969, pp. 37-40).
  12. Guignon and Pereboom, Derk, Charles B. (2001). Existentialism: basic writings. Hackett Publishing. p. xiii. ISBN 9780872205956. http://books.google.com/?id=NSvRzPye-gEC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=psychoanalysis&f=false. 

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