Comparative

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See: Comparative Sentence, Comparative Clause, Equative, Superlative.



References

  • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒ http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=comparative
    • S: (n) comparative, comparative degree (the comparative form of an adjective or adverb) "`faster' is the comparative of the adjective `fast'"; "`less famous' is the comparative degree of the adjective `famous'"; "`more surely' is the comparative of the adverb `surely'"
    • S: (adj) comparative (relating to or based on or involving comparison) "comparative linguistics"
    • S: (adj) relative, comparative (estimated by comparison; not absolute or complete) "a relative stranger"

2009

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative
    • In grammar, the comparative is the form of an adjective or adverb which denotes the degree or grade by which a person, thing, or other entity has a property or quality greater or less in extent than that of another, and is used in this context with a subordinating conjunction, such as than, as...as, etc.

2008

  • (Crystal, 2008) ⇒ David Crystal. (2008). “A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 6th edition." Blackwell Publishing.
    • comparative (adj.)
      • (1) A term used to characterize a major branch of LINGUISTIC, in which the primary concerns is to make statements comparing the characteristics of different LANGUAGES (DIALECT, VARIETIES, etc.), or different historical stats of a language ...
      • (2) A term used in the three-way GRAMMATICAL description of ADJECTIVES and ADVERBS into DEGREES (comparison), specifying the extent of their application; often abbreviated as comp. The comparative form is used for a comparison between two entities, and contrasts with SUPERLATIVE, for more than two, and POSITIVE, where no comparison is implied. In English, there is both an INFLECTION (-er) and a PERIPHRASTIC construction (more) to express this notion (e.g. nicer, more beautiful). The construction which may follow the use of a comparative is called a comparative clause or comparative sentence, e.g. He is a bigger than I am.

2007

  • (Matthews, 2007) ⇒ Peter H. Matthews. (2007). “Oxford Concise Dictionary of Linguistics." Oxford University Press
    • comparative (Construction, inflection, etc.) by which individuals etc. are compared, in respect of some property, with others. Originally of inflected forms with the meaning 'more (than)': e.g. taller, with a comparative suffix -er, in He is taller than me. As such a term in the category of degree or grade. Thence of constructions, whether or note they are marked by inflections; e.g. in He is more fortunate than me ; also, with less … than, in He is less fortunate than me. Cf. equative; superlative.