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A belief is a proposition held (believed) by a cognitive agent.



  • (Wikipedia, 2016) ⇒ Retrieved:2016-1-18.
    • Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case, with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty. In other words, belief is when someone thinks something is reality, true, when they have no absolute verified foundation for their certainty of the truth or realness of something. [1] Another way of defining belief is, it is a mental representation of an attitude positively orientated towards the likelihood of something being true. In the context of Ancient Greek thought, two related concepts were identified with regards to the concept of belief: pistis and doxa. Simplified, we may say that pistis refers to trust and confidence, while doxa refers to opinion and acceptance. The English word doctrine is derived from doxa. Belief's purpose is to guide action and not to indicate truth.

      In epistemology, philosophers use the term ‘belief’ to refer to personal attitudes associated with true or false ideas and concepts. However, ‘belief’ does not require active introspection and circumspection. For example, we never ponder whether or not the sun will rise. We simply assume the sun will rise. Since ‘belief’ is an important aspect of mundane life, according to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the question that must be answered is, “how a physical organism can have beliefs” (

  • Oxford Dictionaries - definition published by OUP [Retrieved 2015-08-08]
  • 2015


      • … epistemology is also concerned with belief in a very much broader sense of the word. In this broader sense "belief" simply means the acceptance as true of any cognitive content. To believe is to accept as true.


      • basic belief – Foundational beliefs that can be known without being justified from an argument (or argument-like reasoning) and without reference to any other belief. For example, axioms of logic, such as “everything is identical with itself,” are plausibly basic beliefs. However, the belief that a banana looks yellow to you could also be considered to be a basic belief insofar as that belief might be justified without reference to any other beliefs. “Basic beliefs” are related to “foundationalism,” and they don’t exist if “coherentism” is true.


    • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒
      • S: (n) belief (any cognitive content held as true)
      • S: (n) impression, feeling, belief, notion, opinion (a vague idea in which some confidence is placed) "his impression of her was favorable"; "what are your feelings about the crisis?"; "it strengthened my belief in his sincerity"; "I had a feeling that she was lying"
      • 1. Mental acceptance of a claim as truth regardless of the lack of supporting empirical evidence.
      • 2. countable Something believed. The ancient people have a belief in many deities.
      • 3. uncountable The quality or state of believing. My belief that it will rain tomorrow is strong.
      • 4. uncountable Religious faith. She often said it was her belief that carried her through the hard times.
      • 5. in plural One's religious or moral convictions. I can't do that. It's against my beliefs.