Resentment Emotion

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A Resentment Emotion is a negative judgement emotion towards a higher-status person.



  • (Wikipedia, 2021) ⇒ Retrieved:2021-5-5.
    • Resentment (also called ranklement or bitterness) is a complex, multilayered emotion [1] that has been described as a mixture of disappointment, disgust, anger, and fear. [2] Other psychologists consider it a mood or as a secondary emotion (including cognitive elements) that can be elicited in the face of insult and/or injury. [3]

      Inherent in resentment is a perception of unfairness (i.e. from trivial to very serious), and is a generalized defense against unfair situations (e.g. relationships or unfavourable circumstances).

      The word originates from French "ressentir", re-, intensive prefix, and sentir "to feel"; from the Latin "sentire". The English word has become synonymous with anger, spite, and holding a grudge.

  1. D M Marino ed., On Resentment (2013) p. 301-3
  2. TenHouten, W. D. (2007). General Theory of Emotions and Social Life. Routledge.
  3. W TenHouten, Emotion and Reason (2014) p. 20


    • QUOTE: Resentment describes a negative emotional reaction to being mistreated. There is no one cause of resentment, but most cases involve an underlying sense of being mistreated or wronged by another person. Experiencing frustration and disappointment is a normal part of life. When the feelings become too overwhelming, they can contribute to resentment. When this happens, trust and love in relationships are broken and sometimes never repaired. A person experiencing resentment will often feel a complex variety of emotions that include anger, disappointment, bitterness, and hard feelings.
    • Resentment is commonly triggered by:
      • Relationships with people who insist on being right all the time
      • Being taken advantage of by another
      • Feeling put down
      • Unrealistic expectations of others
      • Not being heard
      • Interactions with people who are always late
    • Signs of Resentment
      • Resentment leads to the inability to let go or forgive, at least temporarily. Several signs, however, can indicate that you or someone you know might be on the path toward experiencing overwhelming resentment.


  • Ta-Nehisi Coates. (2008). “White racism vs. White resentment." In: The Atlantic, 2008-August-7.
    • QUOTE: ... Racial resentment is just racial grievance --- for white people. If it's absurd to hear Civil Rights era black folks attributing the entire fate of black people to racism, than its just surreal to hear white folks chalking their problems up to Affirmative Action. One doesn't have to be pro-Affirmative Action to see the hypocrisy in those who say to blacks, heaving under a legacy of hate, "get over it" and then turn to Southern white "resenters," merely grappling with equality, and say "I understand." ...