ABX test

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An ABX test is a sensory perception test (usually an auditory test) based on paired comparisons.



  • (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ https://www.wikiwand.com/en/ABX_test Retrieved 2016-07-03
    • An ABX test is a method of comparing two choices of sensory stimuli to identify detectable differences between them. A subject is presented with two known samples (sample A, the first reference, and sample B, the second reference) followed by one unknown sample X that is randomly selected from either A or B. The subject is then required to identify X as either A or B. If X cannot be identified reliably with a low p-value in a predetermined number of trials, then the null hypothesis cannot be rejected and it cannot be proven that there is a perceptible difference between A and B.

      ABX tests can easily be performed as double-blind trials, eliminating any possible unconscious influence from the researcher or the test supervisor. Because samples A and B are provided just prior to sample X, the difference does not have to be discerned from assumption based on long-term memory or past experience. Thus, the ABX test answers whether or not, under ideal circumstances, a perceptual difference can be found.

      ABX tests are commonly used in evaluations of digital audio data compression methods; sample A is typically an uncompressed sample, and sample B is a compressed version of A. Audible compression artifacts that indicate a shortcoming in the compression algorithm can be identified with subsequent testing. ABX tests can also be used to compare the different degrees of fidelity loss between two different audio formats at a given bitrate.

      ABX tests can be used to audition input, processing, and output components as well as cabling: virtually any audio product or prototype design.


  • (Muson & Gardner, 1950) & rArr; Munson, W. A., & Gardner, M. B. (1950). “Standardizing auditory tests". The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 22(5), 675-675. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1917190
    • An understanding of the over‐all process of hearing depends upon proper interpretation of the results of many individual experiments. In the field of subjective experimentation, the problem has been complicated by the wide variety of test procedures that characterize available data. If a common technique could be applied to the many different types of auditory tests, such as thresholds of acuity, masking tests, difference limens, etc., the organization of these data would be facilitated. The purpose of the present paper is to describe a test procedure which has shown promise in this direction and to give descriptions of equipment which have been found helpful in minimizing the variability of the test results. The procedure, which we have called the “ABX” test, is a modification of the method of paired comparisons. An observer is presented with a time sequence of three signals for each judgment he is asked to make. During the first time interval he hears signal A, during the second, signal B, and finally signal X. His task is to indicate whether the sound heard during the X interval was more like that during the A interval or more like that during the B interval. For a threshold test, the A interval is quiet, the B interval is signal, and the X interval is either quiet or signal. For a masking test, A is the masking signal, B is the masking signal plus the signal being masked, and X is either A or B repeated. The apparatus for the ABX test is mechanized so all details of the method can be duplicated for each observer, and the variability of manual operation eliminated. The entire test is coded on teletype tape to reduce the time and effort of collecting large quantities of data.