Act of Personal Discrimination
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- (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/discrimination Retrieved:2015-6-26.
- Discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit. This includes treatment of an individual or group based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or social category, "in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated". It involves the group's initial reaction or interaction going on to influence the individual's actual behavior towards the group leader or the group, restricting members of one group from opportunities or privileges that are available to another group, leading to the exclusion of the individual or entities based on logical or irrational decision making.  Not all discrimination is based on prejudice, however. Some religious duties, for example, need to be performed exclusively by a minister professing the religion that commands those duties. Also, in the U.S., government policy known as affirmative action was instituted to encourage employers and universities to seek out and accept groups such as African-Americans and women, who have been subject to the opposite kind of discrimination for a long time. Discriminatory traditions, policies, ideas, practices, and laws exist in many countries and institutions in every part of the world, even in ones where discrimination is generally looked down upon. In some places, controversial attempts such as quotas have been used to benefit those believed to be current or past victims of discrimination — but have sometimes been called reverse discrimination
- Introduction to sociology. 7th ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company Inc, 2009. page 334. Print.
- (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/discrimination#Noun