Geometric Probability Function Family

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A Geometric Probability Function Family is a family of discrete probability distributions whose probability values generally conform to a geometric probability function.



  • (Wikipedia, 2014) ⇒ Retrieved:2014-11-9.
    • In probability theory and statistics, the geometric distribution is either of two discrete probability distributions:
      • The probability distribution of the number X of Bernoulli trials needed to get one success, supported on the set { 1, 2, 3, ...}
      • The probability distribution of the number Y = X − 1 of failures before the first success, supported on the set { 0, 1, 2, 3, ... }
    • Which of these one calls "the" geometric distribution is a matter of convention and convenience.

      These two different geometric distributions should not be confused with each other. Often, the name shifted geometric distribution is adopted for the former one (distribution of the number X); however, to avoid ambiguity, it is considered wise to indicate which is intended, by mentioning the support explicitly.

      It’s the probability that the first occurrence of success requires k number of independent trials, each with success probability p. If the probability of success on each trial is p, then the probability that the kth trial (out of k trials) is the first success is  :[math]\displaystyle{ \Pr(X = k) = (1-p)^{k-1}\,p\, }[/math] for k = 1, 2, 3, ....

      The above form of geometric distribution is used for modeling the number of trials until the first success. By contrast, the following form of geometric distribution is used for modeling number of failures until the first success:  :[math]\displaystyle{ \Pr(Y=k) = (1 - p)^k\,p\, }[/math] for k = 0, 1, 2, 3, ....

      In either case, the sequence of probabilities is a geometric sequence.

      For example, suppose an ordinary die is thrown repeatedly until the first time a "1" appears. The probability distribution of the number of times it is thrown is supported on the infinite set { 1, 2, 3, ... } and is a geometric distribution with p = 1/6.