Moore's Law Trend

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A Moore's Law Trend is an empirical trend for the growth rate of transistor's per IC to be exponential growing (doubling every ~2 years).



  • (Roser et al., 2023) => Max Roser, Hannah Ritchie and Edouard Mathieu. (2023). "What is Moore’s Law?" March 28, 2023
    • Exponential growth is at the heart of the rapid increase of computing capabilities.


  • (Denning & Lewis, 2016) ⇒ Peter J. Denning, and Ted G. Lewis. (2016). “Exponential Laws of Computing Growth.” In: Communications of the ACM Journal, 60(1). doi:10.1145/2976758
    • QUOTE: In a forecasting exercise, Gordon Earle Moore, co-founder of Intel, plotted data on the number of components — transistors, resistors, and capacitors — in chips made from 1959 to 1965. He saw an approximate straight line on log paper (see Figure 1). Extrapolating the line, he speculated that the number of components would grow from 26 in 1965 to 216 in 1975, doubling every year. His 1965–1975 forecast came true. In 1975, with more data, he revised the estimate of the doubling period to two years. In those days, doubling components also doubled chip speed because the greater number of components could perform more powerful operations and smaller circuits allowed faster clock speeds. Later, Moore's Intel colleague David House claimed the doubling time for speed should be taken as 18 months because of increasing clock speed, whereas Moore maintained that the doubling time for components was 24 months. But clock speed stabilized around 2000 because faster speeds caused more heat dissipation than chips could withstand. Since then, the faster speeds are achieved with multi-core chips at the same clock frequency. …

      … These analyses show that the conditions exist at all three levels of the computing ecosystem to sustain exponential growth. They support the optimism of many engineers that many additional years of exponential growth are likely. Moore's Law was sustained for five decades. Exponential growth is likely to be sustained for many more.


  • (Wkipedia, 2016) &rArr ;
    • Moore's law is the observation that over the history of computing hardware, the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years. The period often quoted as "18 months" is due to Intel executive David House, who predicted that period for a doubling in chip performance (being a combination of the effect of more transistors and their being faster).[1]

      The law is named after Intel co-founder Gordon E. Moore, who described the trend in his 1965 paper.[2][3][4]

      The paper noted that the number of components in integrated circuits had doubled every year from the invention of the integrated circuit in 1958 until 1965 and predicted that the trend would continue "for at least ten years".Template:Sfn His prediction has proven to be uncannily accurate, in part because the law is now used in the semiconductor industry to guide long-term planning and to set targets for research and development.[5]

      The capabilities of many digital electronic devices are strongly linked to Moore's law: processing speed, memory capacity, sensors and even the number and size of pixels in digital cameras.[6]

      All of these are improving at (roughly) exponential rates as well (see Other formulations and similar laws). This exponential improvement has dramatically enhanced the impact of digital electronics in nearly every segment of the world economy.[7]

      Moore's law describes a driving force of technological and social change in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.[8][9] This trend has continued for more than half a century. Sources in 2005 expected it to continue until at least 2015 or 2020.{{#tag:ref|The trend begins with the invention of the integrated circuit in 1958. See the graph on the bottom of page 3 of Moore's original presentation of the idea. [10] However, the 2010 update to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors has growth slowing at the end of 2013,[11] after which time transistor counts and densities are to double only every three years.

  1. "Moore's Law to roll on for another decade". Retrieved 2011-11-27. "Moore also affirmed he never said transistor count would double every 18 months, as is commonly said. Initially, he said transistors on a chip would double every year. He then recalibrated it to every two years in 1975. David House, an Intel executive at the time, noted that the changes would cause computer performance to double every 18 months." 
  2. Moore, Gordon E. (1965). "Cramming more components onto integrated circuits" (PDF). Electronics Magazine. p. 4. Retrieved 2006-11-11. 
  3. "Excerpts from A Conversation with Gordon Moore: Moore’s Law" (PDF). Intel Corporation. 2005. p. 1. Retrieved 2006-05-02. 
  4. "1965 – "Moore's Law" Predicts the Future of Integrated Circuits". Computer History Museum. 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  5. Disco, Cornelius; van der Meulen, Barend (1998). Getting new technologies together. New York: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 206–207. ISBN 3-11-015630-X. OCLC 39391108. Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  6. Template:Cite news
  7. Template:Cite news
  8. Template:Cite news
  9. Liddle, David E. (September 2006). "The Wider Impact of Moore's Law". Solid State Circuits Newsletter. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 
  10. Kanellos, Michael (19 April 2005). "New Life for Moore's Law". cnet. Retrieved 2009-03-19.