Cellular Component

From GM-RKB
(Redirected from Subcellular Location)
Jump to: navigation, search

A Cellular Component is a component of an organism cell.



References

2014

  • (Wikipedia, 2014) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellular_component Retrieved:2014-3-1.
    • Cellular component refers to the unique, highly organized substances of which cells, and thus living organisms, are composed.Cells are the structural and functional units of life. The smallest organisms are composed of only a single cell while the largest are made up of billions of cells.DNA is found in nearly all living cells, however each Cell consists of its own unique DNA sequence in its chromosome. Examples include membranes, organelles, proteins, and nucleic acids. Whilst the majority of cellular components are located within the cell itself, some may exist in extracellular areas of an organism.

      Cellular components may also be called biological matter or biological material. Most biological matter has the characteristics of soft matter, being governed by relatively small energies. All known life is made of biological matter. To be differentiated from other theoretical or fictional life forms, such life may be called carbon-based, cellular, organic, biological, or even simply living — as some definitions of life exclude alternative biochemistry.

2009

  • http://www.geneontology.org/GO.component.guidelines.shtml
    • The cellular component ontology describes locations, at the levels of Subcellular Structures and Macromolecular Complexes. Examples of cellular components include Nuclear Inner Membrane, with the synonym inner envelope, and the ubiquitin ligase complex, with several subtypes of these complexes represented. Generally, a Gene Product is located in or is a subcomponent of a particular Cellular Component. The Cellular Component Ontology includes multi-subunit Enzymes and other Protein Complexes, but not individual proteins or nucleic acids. Cellular component also does not include multicellular anatomical terms.

      A cellular component is a physical location relative to a cell that is at the levels of subcellular structures and macromolecular complexes. Examples of cellular components include inner membrane, with the synonym inner envelope. "Generally, a gene product is located in or is a subcomponent of a particular cellular component. The cellular component ontology includes multi-subunit enzymes and other protein complexes, but not individual proteins or nucleic acids. Cellular component also does not include multicellular anatomical terms." (from Gene Ontology)."