Working Class Household

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See: Household, Worker, Middle-Class Household.



References

2013

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Working_class
    • The working class (or lower class, labouring class, sometimes proletariat) are those employed in lower tier, subordinate jobs These typically include blue-collar jobs, but also include large amounts of white collar and service work. The working class subsists on wages, by working for others, because it does not own independent means of income generation. The working class therefore includes a large majority of the population in industrialized economies, of the urban areas of non-industrialized economies, and also a significant sector of the rural workforce worldwide. The working class generally includes all of those possessing below-average incomes, but may also include layers that earn high incomes.

      In Marxist theory and socialist literature, working class is often used synonymously with the term proletariat, and includes all those who expend either mental or physical labor to produce economic value, or wealth in non-academic terms, for those who own means of production. It thus includes knowledge workers and white collar workers who work for a salary.[1] Since wages can be very low, and since the state of unemployment is by definition a lack of independent means of income generation and a lack of waged employment, the working class also includes the extremely poor and unemployed, which are sometimes called the lumpenproletariat.

      Since the working class is defined by social relations, the working class in the strict sense cannot decline, only change, in capitalist society.

      The term "working class" class usage can alternately be derogatory, or can express a sense of pride in those who self-identify as working class.


  1. Martin Glaberman (17 September 1974). "Marxist Views of the Working Class". Marxists.org. https://www.marxists.org/archive/glaberman/1974/09/wclass.htm. Retrieved 18 January 2013.