Autonomous Machine

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An Autonomous Machine is a mechanical system that is an agent.



References

2017

  • (Wikipedia, 2017) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomy Retrieved:2017-9-27.
    • Autonomy (Ancient Greek: αὐτονομία autonomia from αὐτόνομος autonomos from αὐτο- auto- "self" and νόμος nomos, "law", hence when combined understood to mean "one who gives oneself one's own law") is a concept found in moral, political, and bioethical philosophy. Within these contexts, it is the capacity of a rational individual to make an informed, un-coerced decision.

      The term autonomous, meaning independent and/or self-governing, may also be applied to other entities, such as organizations, or institutions. For example, the Roman Catholic Church is governed by its canon law which applies to all Roman Catholic churches which are thus not considered autonomous. Various denominations of Protestant churches usually have more decentralized power, and churches may be autonomous, thus having their own rules or laws of government, at the national, local, or even individual level.

2014

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomy#Various_uses
    • In computing, an autonomous peripheral is one that can be used with the computer turned off
    • Within self-determination theory in psychology, autonomy refers to 'autonomy support versus control', "hypothesizing that autonomy-supportive social contexts tend to facilitate self-determined motivation, healthy development, and optimal functioning."
    • In robotics, "autonomy means independence of control. This characterization implies that autonomy is a property of the relation between two agents, in the case of robotics, of the relations between the designer and the autonomous robot. Self-sufficiency, situatedness, learning or development, and evolution increase an agent’s degree of autonomy.", according to Rolf Pfeifer.
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