Data Cryptographic Algorithm

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A Data Cryptographic Algorithm that is a data transformation algorithm that that encrypts plaintext and/or decrypts ciphertext.



In cryptography, we start with the unencrypted data, referred to as plaintext. Plaintext is encrypted into ciphertext, which will in turn (usually) be decrypted back into usable plaintext. The encryption and decryption is based upon the type of cryptography scheme being employed and some form of key. For those who like formulas, this process is sometimes written as:

$C = E_k(P)$

$P = D_k(C)$

where $P$ = plaintext, $C$ = ciphertext, $E$ = the encryption method, $D$ = the decryption method, and $k$ = the key.


Figure 1: Three types of cryptography: secret key, public key, and hash function.