Lexical Semantics Discipline

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A Lexical Semantics Discipline is a linguistics discipline about the relationships between words and their referent concepts.



  • (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/lexical_semantics Retrieved:2015-2-2.
    • Lexical semantics, is a subfield of linguistic semantics. The units of analysis in lexical semantics are lexical units which include not only words but also sub-words or sub-units such as affixes and even compound words and phrases. Lexical units make up the catalogue of words in a language, the lexicon. Lexical semantics looks at how the meaning of the lexical units correlates with the structure of the language or syntax. This is referred to as syntax-semantic interface. The study of lexical semantics looks at: * the classification and decomposition of lexical items * the differences and similarities in lexical semantic structure cross-linguistically * the relationship of lexical meaning to sentence meaning and syntax.

      Lexical units, also referred to as syntactic atoms, can stand alone such as in the case of root words or parts of compound words or they necessarily attach to other units such as prefixes and suffixes do. The former are called free morphemes and the latter bound morphemes. They fall into a narrow range of meanings (semantic fields) and can combine with each other to generate new meanings.



  • (Recanati, 2004) ⇒ François Récanati. (2004). “Literal Meaning." Cambridge University Press. ISBN:0521537363
    • NOTE: It suggests that Utterance Content is affected by Context in ways beyond what is linguistically determined by the ordinary syntax and semantics of Chomsky, Montague and Grice.
    • QUOTE: Despite the early antagonisms I have just described, semantics (the formal study of meaning and truth-condition) and pragmatics (the study of language in use) are now conceived of as complementary disciplines, shedding light on different aspects of language.






  • (Lyons, 1977a) ⇒ John Lyons. (1977). “Semantics: volume I.” Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521291866
  • (Lyons, 1977b) ⇒ John Lyons. (1977). “Semantics: volumes II.” Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521291651


  • (Firth, 1957) ⇒ John Rupert Firth, (1957). “A Synopsis of Linguistic Theory, 1930-1955.” In: John Rupert Firth et al. Studies of Linguistic Analysis. Special volume of the Philological Society. Oxford University Press.
    • NOTE: it contains the quote “You shall know a word by the company it keeps.


  • (Wittgenstein, 1953) ⇒ Ludwig Wittgenstein. (1953). “Philosophical Investigations.” Anscombe, G. E. M.
    • QUOTE: For a large class of cases – though not for all – in which we employ the word 'meaning' it can be defined thus: the meaning of a word is its use in the language. And the meaning of a name is sometimes explained by pointing to its bearer.'
    • QUOTE: Your questions refer to words; so I have to talk about words. You say : The point isn't the work, but its meaning, and you think of the meaning as a thing of the same kind as the word, though also different from the word. Here the word, there the meaning. The money, and the cow that you can buy with it. (But contrast: money, and its use.)"