Metonymy Relation

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A Metonymy Relation is a Lexical Relation where an Entity Mention is used to Denote a parent Entity.

  • AKA: Metonymy.
  • Context:
  • Example(s):
    • Between a Building and the Organization associated with the building.
      • The [White House](i.e. presidential administration) released ...
    • Between a City and the Organization associated with the city.
      • Using the word Ottawa in place of Canadian government.
    • Between an Organization and the Building associated with the organization.
      • The [bank](i.e. building) is at the corner of 5th and Granville.
    • Between a body part and the person associated with the part.
      • The [50 heads](i.e. people) looked upward.
  • See: Meronymy Relation.


  • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒
    • S: (n) metonymy (substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in `they counted heads'))
    • Noun
      • 1. The use of a single characteristic or name of an object to identify an entire object or related object.
    • Examples
      • The White House released its official report today. — "The White House" for "The presidential administration"
      • The Crown has enacted a new social security policy. — "The Crown" for "The government of the United Kingdom".
      • A crowd of fifty heads — where "head" stands for person.
      • Put it on the plastic — material (plastic) for object (credit card)