Semantic Web Initiative
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A Semantic Web Initiative is a W3C initiative (now halted) to enable the creation of a Internet-based widely distributed service for the dissemination of machine-processable information.
- It is supported by Ontologies.
- It forms a simple Knowledge Base.
- It can use HTTP as the Transfer Protocol.
- It can make use of an RDF Standard.
- It can make use of an OWL Standard.
- It can involve Semantic Web Applications.
- See: Semantic Annotation Task, Semantic Wiki, Linked Data.
- (Wikipedia, 2014) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_Web Retrieved:2014-11-4.
- The Semantic Web is a collaborative movement led by international standards body the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The standard promotes common data formats on the World Wide Web. By encouraging the inclusion of semantic content in web pages, the Semantic Web aims at converting the current web, dominated by unstructured and semi-structured documents into a "web of data". The Semantic Web stack builds on the W3C's Resource Description Framework (RDF).According to the W3C, "The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries". The term was coined by Tim Berners-Lee for a web of data that can be processed by machines. While its critics have questioned its feasibility, proponents argue that applications in industry, biology and human sciences research have already proven the validity of the original concept. Scholars have explored the social potential of the semantic web in the business and health sectors, and for social networking. The original 2001 Scientific American article by Berners-Lee, Hendler, and Lassila described an expected evolution of the existing Web to a Semantic Web, but this has yet to happen. In 2006, Berners-Lee and colleagues stated that: "This simple idea...remains largely unrealized".
- The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries. It is a collaborative effort led by W3C with participation from a large number of researchers and industrial partners. It is based on the Resource Description Framework (RDF).
- (Obitko, 2007) ⇒ Marek Obitko. (2007). “Translations between Ontologies in Multi-Agent Systems", Ph.D. dissertation, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague. http://obitko.com/tutorials/ontologies-semantic-web/semantic-web.html
- Semantic web is an effort to enhance current web so that computers can process the information presented on WWW, interpret and connect it, to help humans to find required knowledge. In the same way as WWW is a huge distributed hypertext system, semantic web is intended to form a huge distributed knowledge based system. The focus of semantic web is to share data instead of documents. In other words, it is a project that should provide a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries. It is a collaborative effort led by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
- The Semantic Web is the extension of the World Wide Web that enables people to share content beyond the boundaries of applications and websites. It has been described in rather different ways: as a utopic vision, as a web of data, or merely as a natural paradigm shift in our daily use of the Web. Most of all, the Semantic Web has inspired and engaged many people to create innovative semantic technologies and applications. semanticweb.org is the common platform for this community.
- (Kiryakov et al., 2003) ⇒ Atanas Kiryakov, Borislav Popov, Ivan Terziev, Dimitar Manov, and Damyan Ognyanoff. (2003). “Semantic Annotation, Indexing, and Retrieval.” In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2003). doi:10.1016/j.websem.2004.07.005
- (Spark Jones, 2004) ⇒ K. Spark Jones. (2004). “What's new about the Semantic Web. Some questions." Invited Talk (SIGIR-2004).
- (Berners-Lee et al., 2001) ⇒ Tim Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila. (2001). “The Semantic Web.” In: Scientific American, 284(5).