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- Input: Research Topic.
- output: Research Output.
- It can be performed by a Researcher during a Research Act.
- It can range from being an Empirical Research Task to being a Theoretical Research Task.
- It can range from being an Open Research Task to being a Closed Research Task.
- It can be aimed at a Research Challenge.
- It can be within a Research Area.
- It can be a part of a Research Project.
- It can be performed by a Researcher (or Research Team).
- It can follow a Research Method (e.g. Quantitative Method, Positivist Approach).
- an Operational Task.
- See: Business Process.
- Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, etc.
- OECD (2002) Frascati Manual: proposed standard practice for surveys on research and experimental development, 6th edition. Retrieved 27 May 2012 from www.oecd.org/sti/frascatimanual.
- (WordNet, 2009) ⇒ http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=research
- S: (n) research (systematic investigation to establish facts)
- S: (n) inquiry, enquiry, research (a search for knowledge) "their pottery deserves more research than it has received"