- AKA: Ground Truth, Unambiguous Reference.
- It can be a Canonical Record (likely a Curated Record), such as an Ontology Record.
- It can be used in a Reference Grounding Task.
- It can be produced by a Canonicalization Task.
- It can be in a Semantic Equivalence Relation with a Referencer (such as a Concept Mention).
- See: Canonical, Justified Belief.
- (Takeda et al., 2002) ⇒ Masayuki Takeda, Satoru Miyamoto, Takuya Kida, Ayumi Shinohara, Shuichi Fukamachi, Takeshi Shinohara, and Setsuo Arikawa. (2002). “Processing Text Files as Is: Pattern Matching over Compressed Texts, Multi-byte Character Texts, and Semi-structured Texts.” In: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on String Processing and Information Retrieval (SPIRE 2002).
- QUOTE: Such a reference pair <x, v> is said to be canonical if x is the longest one. Hereafter, we identify a canonical reference pair x, v with the corresponding node of the pattern trie, if no confusion occurs.
- (Ukkonen, 1995) ⇒ Esko Ukkonen. (1995). “On–line Construction of Suffix Trees.” In: Algorithmica, 14(3).
- QUOTE: A reference pair is canonical if [math]s[/math] is the closest ancestor of [math]r[/math] (and hence, [math]w[/math] is shortest possible). For an explicit [math]r[/math] the canonical reference pair obviously is (r, a).
- (Heller, 1965) ⇒ Louis G. Heller. (1965). “Lexicographic Etymology: Practice versus Theory.” In: American Speech, 40(2).
- NOTE: It uses the term “canonical reference” to refer to a curated record (to distinguish from a closer representation of the true referent).
- QUOTE: The first flaw, then, is the failure of lexicographers to bring the etymology consistently back to the form which actually underlies the word rather than to some canonical reference form, such as the infinitive of verbs or the nominative and genitive singular of nouns or adjectives.