Discourse

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A Discourse is a linguistic expression sequences that express a cohesive narrative (share a topic).



References

2015

  • (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/discourse Retrieved:2015-7-24.
    • Discourse () denotes written and spoken communications such as: [1] * In semantics and discourse analysis: A generalization of the concept of conversation within all modalities and contexts. * The totality of codified language (vocabulary) used in a given field of intellectual enquiry and of social practice, such as legal discourse, medical discourse, religious discourse, et cetera. * In the work of Michel Foucault, and that of the social theoreticians he inspired: discourse describes “an entity of sequences, of signs, in that they are enouncements (énoncés)”.[2] An enouncement () is not a unit of semiotic signs, but an abstract construct that allows the signs to assign and communicate specific, repeatable relations to, between, and among objects, subjects, and statements.[2] Hence, a discourse is composed of semiotic sequences (relations among signs) between and among objects, subjects, and statements. The term discursive formation conceptually describes the regular communications (written and spoken) that produce such discourses. As a philosopher, Foucault applied the discursive formation in the analyses of large bodies of knowledge, such as political economy and natural history.[3]

      In the first sense-usage (semantics and discourse analysis), the word discourse is studied in corpus linguistics. In the second sense (the codified language of a field of enquiry), and in the third sense (a statement, un énoncé), the analyses of discourse are effected in the intellectual traditions that investigate and determine the relations among language and structure and agency, as in the fields of sociology, feminist studies, anthropology, ethnography, cultural studies, literary theory, and the philosophy of science. Moreover, because discourses are bodies of text meant to communicate specific data, information, and knowledge, there exist internal relations within a given discourse, and external relations among discourses, because a discourse does not exist in isolation (per se), but in relation to other discourses, which are determined and established by means of inter discourse and interdiscursivity. Hence, within a field of intellectual enquiry, the practitioners occasionally debate “What is” and “What is not” discourse, according to the conceptual meanings (denotation and connotation) used in the given field of study.

  1. Compact Oxford Dictionary, Thesaurus and Wordpower Guide(2001). Oxford University Press, New York.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Foucault1969
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Foucault1970

2011

2009

  • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒ http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=discourse
    • S: (n) discourse (extended verbal expression in speech or writing)
    • S: (n) sermon, discourse, preaching (an address of a religious nature (usually delivered during a church service))
    • S: (n) discussion, treatment, discourse (an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic) "the book contains an excellent discussion of modal logic"; "his treatment of the race question is badly biased"
    • S: (v) discourse, talk about, discuss (to consider or examine in speech or writing) “The author talks about the different aspects of this question"; "The class discussed Dante's `Inferno'"
    • S: (v) converse, discourse (carry on a conversation)
    • S: (v) hold forth, discourse, dissertate (talk at length and formally about a topic) "The speaker dissertated about the social politics in 18th century Englan
  • http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/discourse?rdfrom=Discourse
    • 1. (uncountable, archaic) Verbal exchange, conversation.
    • 2. (uncountable) Expression in words, either speech or writing.
    • 3. (countable) A formal lengthy exposition of some subject, either spoken or written.
    • 4. (countable) Any rational expression, reason
    • 5. (social sciences, countable) An institutionalized way of thinking, a social boundary defining what can be said about a specific topic (after Michel Foucault).
  • http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~billw/nlpdict.html#discentity
    • A discourse entity (DE) is a something mentioned in a sentence that could act as a possible antecedent for an anaphoric reference, e.g. noun phrases, verb phrases and sentences. For example, with the sentence "Jack lost his wallet in his car", the DEs would include representations of "Jack" "his wallet", "his car", "lost his wallet in his car" and the whole sentence.