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  • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒ http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=text
    • S: (n) text, textual matter (the words of something written) "there were more than a thousand words of text"; "they handed out the printed text of the mayor's speech"; "he wants to reconstruct the original text"
    • S: (n) text (a passage from the Bible that is used as the subject of a sermon) "the preacher chose a text from Psalms to introduce his sermon"
    • S: (n) textbook, text, text edition, schoolbook, school text (a book prepared for use in schools or colleges) "his economics textbook is in its tenth edition"; "the professor wrote the text that he assigned students to buy"
    • S: (n) text (the main body of a written work (as distinct from illustrations or footnotes etc.)) "pictures made the text easier to understand"
  • http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/text#Noun
    • 1. A writing consisting of multiple glyphs, characters, symbols or sentences.
    • 2. A book, tome or other set of writings.
    • 3. (colloquial) A brief written message transmitted between mobile phones; an SMS text message.
    • 4. (computing) Data which can be interpreted as human-readable text (often contrasted with binary data).
  • http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/text#Verb
    • 1. To send a text message to; i.e. to transmit text using the Short Message Service (SMS), or a similar service, between communications devices, particularly mobile phones. “Just text me when you get here.
    • 2. (intransitive) To be occupied for a duration with the act of sending and receiving text messages. “Have you been texting all afternoon?


  • (Hirst, 2006) ⇒ Graeme Hirst. (2006). “Views of text-meaning in computational linguistics: Past, present, and future.” In: Computing, Philosophy, and Cognitive Science; Edited by G. Dodig-Crnkovic and S. Stuart.
    • In this paper, I’ll use the word text to denote any complete utterance, short or long. In a computational context, a text could be a non-interactive document, such as a news article, a legal statute, or a memorandum, that a writer or author has produced for other people and which is to undergo some kind of processing by a computer. Or a text could be a natural-language utterance by a user in a spoken or typewritten interactive dialogue with another person or a computer: a turn or set of turns in a conversation. The term text-meaning, then, as opposed to mere word-meaning or sentence-meaning, denotes the complete in-context meaning or message of such texts at all levels of interpretation including subtext."


  • (Wall et al., 1996) ⇒ Larry Wall, Tom Christiansen, and Randal L. Schwartz. (1996). “Programming Perl, 2nd edition." O'Reilly. ISBN:1565921496
    • text: Normally, a string or file containing primarily printable characters. The word has been usurped in some UNIX circles to mean the portion of your process that contains machine code to be executed.