Hypothesis

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A Hypothesis is a formal evidential statement that is proposed to explain some phenomenon.



References

2015

  • (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/hypothesis Retrieved:2015-7-10.
    • A 'hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon. For a hypothesis to be a scientific hypothesis, the scientific method requires that one can test it. Scientists generally base scientific hypotheses on previous observations that cannot satisfactorily be explained with the available scientific theories. Even though the words "hypothesis" and “theory” are often used synonymously, a scientific hypothesis is not the same as a scientific theory. A working hypothesis is a provisionally accepted hypothesis proposed for further research.[1]

      A different meaning of the term hypothesis is used in formal logic, to denote the antecedent of a proposition; thus in the proposition "If P, then Q”, P denotes the hypothesis (or antecedent); Q can be called a consequent. P is the assumption in a (possibly counterfactual) What If question.

      The adjective hypothetical, meaning "having the nature of a hypothesis", or "being assumed to exist as an immediate consequence of a hypothesis", can refer to any of these meanings of the term "hypothesis".

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2010

  • (AMTA, 2010) ⇒ American Massage Theory Association. (2010). “Glossary of Research Terminology."
    • QUOTE: Hypothesis: A statement that (a) is founded or justified by way of some conceptual, theoretical, experiential, and/or research basis and (b) predicts a research outcome regarding a study’s sample and/or population.