Linguistic Clause

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A Linguistic Clause is a terminal word string with a predicate and a clause subject that expresses a proposition.



References

2016

  1. For this basic definition in terms of a proposition, see Kroeger (2005:32).
  2. For a definition of the clause that emphasizes the subject-predicate relationship, see Radford (2004327f.).
  • (Wikipedia, 2016) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentence_clause_structure Retrieved:2016-5-20.
    • In grammar, clause structure refers to the classification of sentences based on the number and kind of clauses in their syntactic structure. Such division is an element of traditional grammar.

      A simple sentence consists of only one clause. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses. A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause.[1] A set of words with no independent clause may be an incomplete sentence, also called a sentence fragment.

      A sentence consisting of at least one dependent clauses and at least two independent clauses may be called a complex-compound sentence or compound-complex sentence.Sentence 1 is an example of a simple sentence. Sentence 2 is compound because "so" is considered a coordinating conjunction in English, and sentence 3 is complex. Sentence 4 is compound-complex (also known as complex-compound). Example 5 is a sentence fragment.

      1. I like pumpkin pie.
      2. I don't know how to bake, so I buy my sweets.
      3. I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me.
      4. The dog lived in the garden, but the cat, who was smarter, lived inside the house.
      5. What an idiot.
    • The simple sentence in example 1 contains one clause. Example two has two clauses (I don't know how to bake and I buy my sweets), combined into a single sentence with the coordinating conjunction so. In example 3, I enjoyed the apple pie is an independent clause, and that you bought for me is a dependent clause; the sentence is thus complex. In sentence 4, The dog lived in the garden and the cat lived inside the house are both independent clauses; who was smarter is a dependent clause. Example 5 features a noun phrase but no verb. It is not a grammatically complete clause.
  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Huddleston

2012