# Problem Solving Task

A Problem Solving Task is an analysis task that requires a plan to attain a goal.

## References

### 2013

1. "In each case "where you want to be" is an imagined (or written) state in which you would like to be. We might use the term 'Problem Identification' or analysis in order to figure out exactly what the problem is. After we have found a problem we need to define what the problem is. In other words, a distinguished feature of a problem is that there is a goal to be reached and how you get there is not immediately obvious.", What is a problem? in S. Ian Robertson, Problem solving, Psychology Press, 2001, p. 2.
2. Template:Wikicite
3. Bernd Zimmermann, On mathematical problem solving processes and history of mathematics, University of Jena
4. Rubin, M., Watt, S. E., & Ramelli, M. (2012). Immigrants’ social integration as a function of approach-avoidance orientation and problem-solving style. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 498-505. Template:Doi

### 2009

• (Wikipedia, 2009) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expert_system
• (Wikipedia, 2009) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heuristic
• Heuristic (hyu-ˈris-tik) is an adjective for methods that help in problem solving, in turn leading to learning and discovery. These methods in most cases employ experimentation and trial-and-error techniques. A heuristic method is particularly used to rapidly come to a solution that is reasonably close to the best possible answer, or 'optimal solution'. Heuristics are "rules of thumb", educated guesses, intuitive judgments or simply common sense. Heuristics (hyu-ˈris-tiks) as a noun is another name for heuristic methods.
• In more precise terms, heuristics stand for strategies using readily accessible, though loosely applicable, information to control problem solving in human beings and machines. [1] Forensic engineering is an important tool in tracing defects in products and processes.