Record

From GM-RKB
Jump to: navigation, search

A Record is a unit of Information.



References

2012

2009a

  • (WordNet, 2009) ⇒ http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=record
    • S: (n) record (anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events) "the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques"
    • S: (n) phonograph record, phonograph recording, record, disk, disc, platter (sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove)
    • S: (n) record (the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had) "at 9-0 they have the best record in their league"
    • S: (n) record, track record (the sum of recognized accomplishments) "the lawyer has a good record"; "the track record shows that he will be a good president"
    • S: (n) record, record book, book (a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone) "Al Smith used to say, `Let's look at the record'"; "his name is in all the record books"
    • S: (n) record (an extreme attainment; the best (or worst) performance ever attested (as in a sport)) "he tied the Olympic record"; "coffee production last year broke all previous records"; "Chicago set the homicide record"
    • S: (n) record (a document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction) "they could find no record of the purchase"
    • S: (n) criminal record, record (a list of crimes for which an accused person has been previously convicted) "he ruled that the criminal record of the defendant could not be disclosed to the court"; "the prostitute had a record a mile long"
    • S: (v) record, enter, put down (make a record of; set down in permanent form)
    • S: (v) record, tape (register electronically) "They recorded her singing"
    • S: (v) read, register, show, record (indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments) "The thermometer showed thirteen degrees below zero"; "The gauge read `empty'"
    • S: (v) record, register (be aware of) "Did you register any change when I pressed the button?"
    • S: (v) commemorate, memorialize, memorialise, immortalize, immortalise, record (be or provide a memorial to a person or an event) "This sculpture commemorates the victims of the concentration camps"; "We memorialized the Dead"

2009b

  • Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Record_(database)
    • In the context of a relational database, a row — also called a record or tuple — represents a single, implicitly structured data item in a table. In simple terms, a database table can be thought of as consisting of rows and columns or fields. ...

2009c

  • Wiktionary http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/record
    • Information put into a temporary or permanent physical medium; Any instance of a physical medium on which information was put for the purpose of ...

2009e

  • Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information
    • Records are a specialized form of information. Essentially, records are information produced consciously or as by-products of business activities or transactions and retained because of their value. Primarily their value is as evidence of the activities of the organization but they may also be retained for their informational value. Sound records management ensures that the integrity of records is preserved for as long as they are required.
    • The international standard on records management, ISO 15489, defines records as "information created, received, and maintained as evidence and information by an organization or person, in pursuance of legal obligations or in the transaction of business". The International Committee on Archives (ICA) Committee on electronic records defined a record as, "a specific piece of recorded information generated, collected or received in the initiation, conduct or completion of an activity and that comprises sufficient content, context and structure to provide proof or evidence of that activity".
    • Records may be retained because of their business value, as part of the corporate memory of the organization or to meet legal, fiscal or accountability requirements imposed on the organization. Willis (2005) expressed the view that sound management of business records and information delivered "…six key requirements for good corporate governance…transparency; accountability; due process; compliance; meeting statutory and common law requirements; and security of personal and corporate information."

1998