Social Justice

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A Social Justice is a justice that is based on the equality of all person.



  • (Wikipedia, 2013) ⇒ Retrieved:2013-12-3.
    • Social justice is justice exercised within a society, particularly as it is applied to and among the various social classes of a society.

      A socially just society is one based upon the principles of equality and solidarity; which pedagogy also maintains that a socially just society both understands and values human rights, as well as recognizing the dignity of every human being.[1] [2] The Constitution of the International Labour Organization affirms that "universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice." [3] Furthermore, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action treats social justice as a purpose of the human rights education. [4] The United Nations’ 2006 document “Social Justice in an Open World: The Role of the United Nations”, states that “Social justice may be broadly understood as the fair and compassionate distribution of the fruits of economic growth...” [5] The same document reports, “From the comprehensive global perspective shaped by the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, neglect of the pursuit of social justice in all its dimensions translates into de facto acceptance of a future marred by violence, repression and chaos.” [6] The report concludes, “Social justice is not possible without strong and coherent redistributive policies conceived and implemented by public agencies.” [7] The same UN document offers a concise history: “[T]he notion of social justice is relatively new. None of history’s great philosophers — not Plato or Aristotle, or Confucius or Averroes, or even Rousseau or Kant — saw the need to consider justice or the redress of injustices from a social perspective. The concept first surfaced in Western thought and political language in the wake of the industrial revolution and the parallel development of the socialist doctrine. It emerged as an expression of protest against what was perceived as the capitalist exploitation of labour and as a focal point for the development of measures to improve the human condition. It was born as a revolutionary slogan embodying the ideals of progress and fraternity. Following the revolutions that shook Europe in the mid-1800s, social justice became a rallying cry for progressive thinkers and political activists.... By the mid-twentieth century, the concept of social justice had become central to the ideologies and programmes of virtually all the leftist and centrist political parties around the world...” [8] The term and modern concept of "social justice" was coined by Jesuit priest Father. Luigi Taparelli in 1840 based on the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas and given further exposure in 1848 by Father Antonio Rosmini-Serbati. [9] [10] [11] The idea was elaborated by the moral theologian Father. John A. Ryan, who initiated the concept of a living wage. Father. Coughlin also used the term in his publications in the 1930s and the 1940s. It is a part of Catholic social teaching, the Protestants' Social Gospel, and is one of the Four Pillars of the Green Party upheld by green parties worldwide. Social justice as a secular concept, distinct from religious teachings, emerged mainly in the late twentieth century, influenced primarily by philosopher John Rawls. [12]

  1. Education and Social Justice By J. Zajda, S. Majhanovich, V. Rust, 2006, ISBN 1-4020-4721-5
  2. Nursing ethics: across the curriculum and into practice By Janie B. Butts, Karen Rich, Jones and Bartlett Publishers 2005, ISBN 978-0-7637-4735-0
  3. The Preamble of ILO Constitution
  4. Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, Part II, D.
  5. “Social Justice in an Open World: The Role of the United Nations”, The International Forum for Social Development, DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS, Division for Social Policy and Development, ST/ESA/305, United Nations New York, 2006, P.16,
  6. Ibid. P.6
  7. Ibid. P.16
  8. Ibid. P.11-12
  9. Battleground criminal justice by Gregg Barak, Greenwood publishing group 2007, ISBN 978-0-313-34040-6
  10. Engineering and Social Justice By Donna Riley, Morgan and Claypool Publishers 2008, ISBN 978-1-59829-626-6
  11. Spirituality, social justice, and language learning By David I. Smith, Terry A. Osborn, Information Age Publishing 2007, ISBN 1-59311-599-7
  12. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, "Rawls, John," Cambridge University Press, pp. 774-775.