# Statistical Model Parameter

**See:** Statistical Model, Statistical Model Parameter Estimation, Point Estimation Task.

## References

### 2013

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statistical_parameter
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**statistical parameter**is a parameter that indexes a family of probability distributions. It can be regarded as a numerical characteristic of a population or a model.^{[1]}Among parameterized families of distributions are the normal distributions, the Poisson distributions, the binomial distributions, and the exponential distributions. The family of normal distributions has two parameters, the mean and the variance: if these are specified, the distribution is known exactly. The family of chi-squared distributions, on the other hand, has only one parameter, the number of degrees of freedom.

In statistical inference, parameters are sometimes taken to be unobservable, and in this case the statistician's task is to infer what he can about the parameter based on observations of random variables distributed according to the probability distribution in question, or, more concretely stated, based on a random sample taken from the population of interest. In other situations, parameters may be fixed by the nature of the sampling procedure used or the kind of statistical procedure being carried out (for example, the number of degrees of freedom in a Pearson's chi-squared test).

Even if a family of distributions is not specified, quantities such as the mean and variance can still be regarded as parameters of the distribution of the population from which a sample is drawn. Statistical procedures can still attempt to make inferences about such population parameters. Parameters of this type are given names appropriate to their roles, including:

- location parameter
- dispersion parameter or scale parameter
- shape parameter

- Where a probability distribution has a domain over a set of objects that are themselves probability distributions, the term concentration parameter is used for quantities that index how variable the outcomes would be.
Quantities such as regression coefficients, are statistical parameters in the above sense, since they index the family of conditional probability distributions that describe how the dependent variables are related to the independent variables.

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- ↑ Everitt, B.S. (2002) The Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics. CUP. ISBN 0-521-81099-X

- http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/387033/model-parameter
- QUOTE: ...variable y and a single independent variable x is y = β0 + β1x + ε. β0 and β1 are referred to as the model parameters, and ε is a probabilistic error term that accounts for the variability in y that cannot be explained by the linear relationship with x. If the error term were not...