Clinical Research Study

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A Clinical Research Study is a designed empirical study that seeks to understand clinical outcomes (of clinical investigational products) on clinical study participants.




    • QUOTE: ... In general, clinical studies are designed to add to medical knowledge related to the treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of diseases or conditions. Some common reasons for conducting clinical studies include:
      • Evaluating one or more interventions (for example, drugs, medical devices, approaches to surgery or radiation therapy) for treating a disease, syndrome, or condition
      • Finding ways to prevent the initial development or recurrence of a disease or condition. These can include medicines, vaccines, or lifestyle changes, among other approaches.
      • Evaluating one or more interventions aimed at identifying or diagnosing a particular disease or condition
      • Examining methods for identifying a condition or the risk factors for that condition
      • Exploring and measuring ways to improve the comfort and quality of life through supportive care for people with a chronic illness


  • (Krleža-Jerić et al, 2016) ⇒ Karmela Krleža-Jerić, Mirko Gabelica, Rita Banzi, Marina Krnić-Martinić, Bibiana Pulido, Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo, Ludovic Reveiz, Josip Šimić, Ana Utrobičić, and Irena Hrgović. "IMPACT Observatory: tracking the evolution of clinical trial data sharing and research integrity." In: Biochemia Medica, 26(3).
    • ABSTRACT: ... The opening of research data is emerging thanks to the increasing possibilities of digital technology. The opening of clinical trial (CT) data is a part of this process, expected to have positive scientific, ethical, health, and economic impacts thus contributing to research integrity. ...
    • QUOTE:

      Figure 1 Evidence pyramid.
 The hierarchy of evidence and the role of the individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis in knowledge creation is presented. The reliability of evidence needed for evidence-informed decision-making in health increases as we move up the pyramid. It is expected that IPD meta-analysis would speed the knowledge creation.