Cross-Validation Evaluation Task

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A Cross-Validation Evaluation Task is a Out-of-Sample Evaluation Task that estimates how accurate a predictive model will perform in practice.



The performance measure reported by k-fold cross-validation is then the average of the values computed in the loop. This approach can be computationally expensive, but does not waste too much data (as is the case when fixing an arbitrary validation set), which is a major advantage in problems such as inverse inference where the number of samples is very small.


  • (Wikipedia, 2019) ⇒ Retrieved:2019-5-1.
    • Cross-validation, sometimes called rotation estimation, [1] [2] [3] or out-of-sample testing is any of various similar model validation techniques for assessing how the results of a statistical analysis will generalize to an independent data set. It is mainly used in settings where the goal is prediction, and one wants to estimate how accurately a predictive model will perform in practice. In a prediction problem, a model is usually given a dataset of known data on which training is run (training dataset), and a dataset of unknown data (or first seen data) against which the model is tested (called the validation dataset or testing set). [4] [5] The goal of cross-validation is to test the model's ability to predict new data that was not used in estimating it, in order to flag problems like overfitting or selection bias and to give an insight on how the model will generalize to an independent dataset (i.e., an unknown dataset, for instance from a real problem). One round of cross-validation involves partitioning a sample of data into complementary subsets, performing the analysis on one subset (called the training set), and validating the analysis on the other subset (called the validation set or testing set). To reduce variability, in most methods multiple rounds of cross-validation are performed using different partitions, and the validation results are combined (e.g. averaged) over the rounds to give an estimate of the model's predictive performance. In summary, cross-validation combines (averages) measures of fitness in prediction to derive a more accurate estimate of model prediction performance.[6]
  1. Geisser, Seymour (1993). Predictive Inference. New York, NY: Chapman and Hall. ISBN 978-0-412-03471-8.
  2. Kohavi, Ron (1995). "A study of cross-validation and bootstrap for accuracy estimation and model selection". Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann. 2 (12): 1137–1143. CiteSeerX
  3. Devijver, Pierre A.; Kittler, Josef (1982). Pattern Recognition: A Statistical Approach. London, GB: Prentice-Hall.
  4. "What is the difference between test set and validation set?". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  5. "Newbie question: Confused about train, validation and test data!". Archived from the original on 2015-03-14. Retrieved 2013-11-14.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. Grossman, Robert; Seni, Giovanni; Elder, John; Agarwal, Nitin; Liu, Huan (2010). "Ensemble Methods in Data Mining: Improving Accuracy Through Combining Predictions". Synthesis Lectures on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery. Morgan & Claypool. 2: 1–126. doi:10.2200/S00240ED1V01Y200912DMK002.