Linguistic Sentence

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A linguistic sentence is a linguistic item that can be generated by a natural language syntax.



References

2013

  • (Wikipedia, 2013) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentence_(linguistics) Retrieved:2013-12-8.
    • A sentence is a grammatical unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked. A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, command or suggestion. A sentence can also be defined in orthographic terms alone, i.e., as anything which is contained between a capital letter and a full stop. [1] For instance, the opening of Charles Dickens' novel Bleak House begins with the following three sentences:

       :London. Michaelmas term lately over, and the Lord Chancellor sitting in Lincoln's Inn Hall. Implacable November weather.

      The first sentence involves one word, a proper noun. The second sentence has only a non-finite verb. The third is a single nominal group. Only an orthographic definition encompasses this variation.

      As with all language expressions, sentences might contain function and content words and contain properties distinct to natural language, such as characteristic intonation and timing patterns.

      Sentences are generally characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb, e.g. “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".

  1. Halliday, M.A.K. and Matthiessen, C.M.I.M. 2004. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Arnold: p6.


2009

2000

1957

  • (Chomsky, 1957) ⇒ Noam Chomsky. (1957). “Syntactic Structures." Mouton de Gruyter.
    • (1). “Colorless green ideas sleep furiously."
    • (2). “Furiously sleep ideas green colorless."
    • It is fair to assume that neither sentence (1) nor (2) (nor indeed any part of these sentences) had ever occurred in an English discourse. Hence, in any statistical model for grammaticalness, these sentences will be ruled out on identical grounds as equally "remote" from English. Yet (1), though nonsensical, is grammatical, while (2) is not. [1]"