Machine Learning Task
- AKA: Automated Learning.
- input: several rounds of Information, including Learning Records.
- output: Decision Acts.
- It can be solved by a Machine Learning System (that implements a machine learning algorithm).
- It can range from (typically) being a Data-Driven Learning Task to being a Linguistically-specified Learning Task.
- It can range from being an Informal ML Task to being a Well-Posed ML Task.
- It can range from being a Batch ML Task to being a Online Learning Task.
- It can range from being a Supervised Machine Learning Task to being an Unsupervised Machine Learning Task.
- It can be a part of a Machine Learning Application.
- It can be the focus of a Machine Learning Discipline.
- It can be instantiated in a Machine Learning Act.
- See: Data-Driven Prediction, Data Mining, Transfer Learning, Linguistically-Specified Machine Learning Task.
- (Wikipedia, 2018) ⇒ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_learning Retrieved:2018-3-26.
- Machine learning is a field of computer science that gives computer systems the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.  The name Machine learning was coined in 1959 by Arthur Samuel. Evolved from the study of pattern recognition and computational learning theory in artificial intelligence, machine learning explores the study and construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data – such algorithms overcome following strictly static program instructions by making data-driven predictions or decisions,through building a model from sample inputs. Machine learning is employed in a range of computing tasks where designing and programming explicit algorithms with good performance is difficult or infeasible; example applications include email filtering, detection of network intruders or malicious insiders working towards a data breach, optical character recognition (OCR), learning to rank, and computer vision. Machine learning is closely related to (and often overlaps with) computational statistics, which also focuses on prediction-making through the use of computers. It has strong ties to mathematical optimization, which delivers methods, theory and application domains to the field. Machine learning is sometimes conflated with data mining, where the latter subfield focuses more on exploratory data analysis and is known as unsupervised learning. Machine learning can also be unsupervised and be used to learn and establish baseline behavioral profiles for various entities and then used to find meaningful anomalies. Within the field of data analytics, machine learning is a method used to devise complex models and algorithms that lend themselves to prediction; in commercial use, this is known as predictive analytics. These analytical models allow researchers, data scientists, engineers, and analysts to "produce reliable, repeatable decisions and results" and uncover "hidden insights" through learning from historical relationships and trends in the data. Effective machine learning is difficult because finding patterns is hard and often not enough training data are available; as a result, machine-learning programs often fail to deliver.
- (Mitchell, 2006) ⇒ Tom M. Mitchell. (2006). “The Discipline of Machine Learning." Machine Learning Department technical report CMU-ML-06-108, Carnegie Mellon University.
- (Mitchell, 1998) ⇒ Tom Mitchell. (1998). “?"
- QUOTE: Well-posed Learning Problem: A computer program is said to learn from experience E with respect to some task T and some performance measure P, if its performance on T, as measured by P, improves with experience E.
- Supposedly paraphrased from: .
- Machine learning and pattern recognition "can be viewed as two facets of the same field."
- Wernick, Yang, Brankov, Yourganov and Strother, Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 27, no. 4, July 2010, pp. 25–38