Superintelligent AI System

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A Superintelligent AI System is an conscious machine that can perform superintelligence tasks (with better performance in practically every field of competence (including scientific creativity, general wisdom and social skills) than any talented person).



References

2015

  • (Wikipedia, 2015) ⇒ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/superintelligence Retrieved:2015-5-25.
    • A superintelligence, or hyperintelligence, is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds. ‘’Superintelligence’’ may also refer to the form or degree of intelligence possessed by such an agent.

      Oxford futurist Nick Bostrom defines superintelligence as "an intellect that is much smarter than the best human brains in practically every field, including scientific creativity, general wisdom and social skills." The program Fritz falls short of superintelligence even though it is much better than humans at chess, because Fritz cannot outperform humans in other tasks.Following Hutter and Legg, Bostrom treats superintelligence as general dominance at goal-oriented behavior, leaving open whether an artificial or human superintelligence would possess capacities such as intentionality (cf. the Chinese room argument) or first-person consciousness (cf. the hard problem of consciousness). Technological researchers disagree about how present-day human intelligence is likely to be surpassed. Some argue that advances in artificial intelligence (AI) will probably result in general reasoning systems that lack human cognitive limitations. Others believe that humans will evolve or directly modify their biology so as to achieve radically greater intelligence. A number of futures studies scenarios combine elements from both of these possibilities, suggesting that humans are likely to interface with computers, or upload their minds to computers, in a way that enables substantial intelligence amplification. Superintelligence will likely follow shortly after the development of artificial general intelligence. The first sentient machines are likely to immediately hold an enormous advantage in at least some forms of mental capability, including the capacity of perfect recall, a vastly superior knowledge base, and the ability to multitask in ways not possible to biological entities. This may give them the opportunity to — either as a single being or as a new species — become much more powerful than humans, and to displace them.

      A number of scientists and forecasters argue for prioritizing early research into the possible benefits and risks of human and machine cognitive enhancement, because of the potential social impact of such technologies.


2014


2013

  • (Barrat, 2013) ⇒ James Barrat. (2013). “Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era." St. Martin's Press. ISBN:9780312622374
    • QUOTE: Soon, to the scientists’ delight, the terminal displaying the AI’s progress shows the artificial intelligence has surpassed the intelligence level of a human, known as AGI, or artificial general intelligence. Before long, it becomes smarter by a factor of ten, then a hundred. In just two days, it is one thousand times more intelligent than any human, and still improving. The scientists have passed a historic milestone! For the first time humankind is in the presence of an intelligence greater than its own. Artificial superintelligence, or ASI.

2012


2002

2001

1999

  • (Kurzweil, 1999) ⇒ Ray Kurzweil. (1999). “The Age of Spiritual Machines: When computers exceed human intelligence." Viking Press. ISBN:0-670-88217-8

1998

1988

1965